Health Care Providers Shouldn’t Hit the Snooze Button When It Comes to Asking Their Patients About Sleep
Jul 12, 2013, 9:00 AM, Posted by Aric Prather
Aric A. Prather, PhD, is an assistant professor of psychiatry at the University of California, San Francisco and an alumnus of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health & Society Scholars program.
Heart disease accounts for one in every four deaths in the United States—600,000 deaths per year. Prevention and treatment regimens for heart disease include important changes in lifestyle, centering primarily on alterations to diet and physical activity. Interestingly, sleep is rarely part of this discussion.
This is alarming given the growing evidence from large-scale population studies and laboratory-based experiments that demonstrate that sleep plays a larger role in heart health than originally appreciated by the medical community. For example, in a 2003 study, women with established coronary heart disease who reported poor sleep quality were more than 2.5 times more likely to go on to experience a cardiac event than good quality sleepers. Nevertheless, when it comes to asking patients about their sleep, health care providers routinely hit the snooze button.
In an effort to raise the profile of sleep as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), my work has focused on investigating the links between sleep and the biological pathways implicated in CVD development and progression. Said another way, much of my research focuses on how sleep disturbance gets under the skin.