How Does Transportation Impact Health?

The U.S. transportation system can be harmful to our health and costly, amounting to hundreds of billions of dollars each year in traffic crashes, air pollution and physical inactivity.

Yet health is typically not considered in transportation policy and planning, even though transportation is one of the economic and social factors that influences people’s health and the health of a community.

Opportunities abound to increase alternative transportation options that support walking and cycling, and improve health. The National Prevention Strategy and Action Plan is working to boost Americans’ health in part through encouraging the development of livable, walkable communities, bike lanes, and other healthy transit options.