The special issue also includes:
An article by Glen Mays of the College of Public Health at the University of Kentucky and coauthors finds that deaths due to cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and influenza—all largely preventable deaths—declined significantly in communities that expanded multisector networks working to improve population health. They suggest that incentives and infrastructure that support multisector population health work may help decrease geographic and socioeconomic disparities, and increase health equity in communities.
A study by J. Mac McCullough of Arizona State University, and coauthors identifies a meaningful positive relationship between the County Health Rankings and public spending for a number of social services, including community health care and public health, public hospitals, fire protection, K–12 education, corrections, libraries, and housing and community development.
A study coauthored by Elizabeth Rigby, of George Washington University’s Trachtenberg School of Public Policy, and Megan Hatch of the Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs at Cleveland State University, finds that policies focusing on increasing the incomes of lower income and working-class families were also associated with better health outcomes. Specifically, the paper points to tax credits for the poor, state minimum wage, and no right-to-work laws as being most impactful.
An article by Louis Donnelly of the Bendheim-Thoman Center for Research on Child Wellbeing at Princeton University concludes that children who grow up in neighborhoods with higher levels of collective efficacy (a combination of social cohesion and control) experience lower levels of depression and anxiety symptoms during adolescence, even after a wide variety of socio-demographic and mental health history variables are accounted for.
Other RWJF-funded articles in the Health Affairs special issue focus on measuring and defining a Culture of Health, including:
“Drivers of Health as a Shared Value: Mindset, Expectations, Sense of Community, And Civic Engagement,” by Anita Chandra of the RAND Corporation and coauthors.
“Cross-Sector Collaborations And Partnerships: Essential Ingredients To Help Shape Health And Well-Being,” by Vivian Towe of the RAND Corporation and coauthors.
“Creating Healthier, More Equitable Communities By Improving Governance And Policy,” by Tamara Dubowitz of the Pardee RAND Graduate School and coauthors.
“Promoting Health Equity And Population Health: How Americans' Views Differ,” by Larry Bye of NORC at the University of Chicago and coauthors.
“Pay For Success And Population Health: Early Results From Eleven Projects Reveal Challenges And Promise,” by Paula Lantz of the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy, University of Michigan, and coauthors.
“Population Well-Being Measures Help Explain Geographic Disparities In Life Expectancy At The County Level,” by Anita Arora, RWJF Clinical Scholar at the Yale School of Medicine and coauthors.
- “Integrating Social And Medical Data To Improve Population Health: Opportunities And Barriers,” by Laura Gottlieb of the Department of Family and Community Medicine at the University of California San Francisco and coauthors.
- “Insights Into Collaborative Networks Of Nonprofit, Private, And Public Organizations That Address Complex Health Issues,” by Rachel Hogg Graham and Danielle Varda.