Small Business Insurance Health Options Program (SHOP) Participation Rules Dataset

Data on the characteristics of each state’s small business exchange.

The SHOP Participation Rules Dataset was last updated July 2013.

In addition to providing health insurance exchanges for individual consumers, the ACA also provides exchanges designed for small businesses.

The Small Business Insurance Health Option Program (SHOP) Participation Rules Dataset includes information such as whether a particular state's SHOP exchange considers the self-employed as a small business, whether the individual and SHOP exchanges are merged, and whether a particular state's SHOP exchange is a passive or active purchaser.

SHOP exchanges are separate exchanges for the sale and purchase of health insurance that address the needs of small business owners. Much like the exchanges for individual consumers, there is a great deal of variation in small business exchanges across states.


Funding for SHOP Participation Rules Dataset, was provided by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.


If you are using the SHOP Participation Rules Dataset for research purposes please cite the dataset as follows: Baker, T.; Town, R. (2014): Health Insurance Exchanges 2.0 Dataset. Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania.

The creation of the datasets is a work in progress. We welcome your suggestions. Please contact Gabbie Nirenburg at with any questions, comments, or ideas for improvement in the datasets. The datasets are regularly updated and we will attempt to incorporate your comments. 


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