Individual-and Area-Level Disparities in Access to the Road Network, Subway System and a Public Bicycle Share Program on the Island of Montreal, Canada
The use of public transportation and walking/bicycling are an effective means to recommended daily physical activity. This article discusses potential disparities in access to transportation systems in Montreal, Canada.
Adult respondents (N=6,495) in 33 nested areas with access to the road network, the subway system, and a public bicycle share program were surveyed via telephone. Sociodemographic characteristics were collected on both the individual level (e.g., age, education, household income) and area level variables (high school educated and income levels).
- In Montreal neighborhoods, higher populations of low-income and low-education residents had greater access to the subway and bicycle share program. At the individual level, those with lower incomes lived significantly closer to public transportation and the bicycle share program.
The results presented in this supplement to the Annals of Behavioral Medicine show that there are relatively few disparities to transportation access. These results differ from similar studies performed in North America.
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