Using Geographic Information Systems to Match Local Health Needs with Public Health Services and Programs
Geographic information system (GIS) technology offers local health departments a planning tool to match community needs with public health services and programs.
These researchers studied four large health departments, two in California and two in Florida, interviewing key informants from all levels of the organization. They identified five critical factors that enable health departments to use GIS methods to inform service planning:
- Priority setting—some type of formalized strategic planning activity including traditional health assessments, community-driven planning processes and, in some cases, political mandates.
- Planning with a geographic focus—identify a purpose for mapping and put program planning and service provision questions into a geographic context.
- Access to geo-enabled data—availability of population health data and health department service and program data.
- Resources and technical capacity—resources needed include specialized but widely available GIS software, data management or statistical software, and staff proficient in using the software.
- Responsive organizational structure—capacity to use information generated through GIS to make changes to services and programs then reevaluate using strategic planning.
GIS methodologies provide local health departments with a way to inform decision-making and better align their offerings with community needs and health outcomes.
- 1. The Ongoing Quality Improvement Journey
- 2. A Road Map for Improving the Performance of Performance Measures
- 3. The Trade-Off Among Quality, Quantity, and Cost
- 4. 'Global Trigger Tool' Shows that Adverse Events in Hospitals May be Ten Times Greater Than Previously Measured
- 5. Preventing Bloodstream Infections
- 6. Measuring the Performance of Individual Physicians by Collecting Data from Multiple Health Plans
- 7. Measuring Health Care Performance Now, Not Tomorrow
- 8. Despite Improved Quality of Care in the Veterans Affairs Health System, Racial Disparity Persists for Important Clinical Outcomes
- 9. The Importance of Transitional Care in Achieving Health Reform
- 10. An Early Status Report on the Beacon Communities' Plans for Transformation Via Health Information Technology
- 11. A Comparative Study of 11 Local Health Department Organizational Networks
- 12. Public Health Performance
- 13. A Self-Assessment Process for Accreditation Preparedness
- 14. Public Health Delivery Systems
- 15. Regionalization in Local Public Health Systems
- 16. A Shot in the Rear, Not a Shot in the Dark
- 17. What Predicts Local Public Health Agency Performance Improvement?
- 18. Growth of a Scientific Community of Practice
- 19. Evolution of Coauthorship in Public Health Services and Systems Research
- 20. Resources that May Matter
- 21. Evidence Links Increases in Public Health Spending to Declines in Preventable Deaths
- 22. Public Health Financial Management Competencies
- 23. Decision Science
- 24. Public Health Financial Management Needs
- 25. Data-Driven Management Strategies in Public Health Collaboratives
- 26. Using Geographic Information Systems to Match Local Health Needs with Public Health Services and Programs
- 27. Public Health Systems and Services Research
- 28. Mapping the Multidisciplinary Field of Public Health Services and Systems Research