Public health services and systems research (PHSSR) produces evidence about the organization, financing, delivery and effectiveness of public health services within communities.
In 2004, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation began a 10-year investment in PHSSR. In 2009, it commissioned this study to answer two questions:
- Who are the researchers, practitioners and policy-makers engaged in PHSSR?
- What are their expertise, sources of funding, collaboration patterns, productivity and challenges?
A 27-item survey was e-mailed to 2,067 individuals active in PHSSR groups. Response rate was 41 percent. Respondents identified their areas of expertise as:
- Health policy management (52%)
- Quality improvement/outcome evaluation (48%)
- Social and behavioral sciences (44%)
- Public health practice (43%)
Half the respondents began their involvement in PHSSR before 2004, half after 2004. Compared to newcomers, early group members were likely to be over age 50, hold a doctorate, twice as likely to collaborate with colleagues and twice as likely to be published. Both groups were equally likely to receive funding.
One-third of all respondents had difficulty translating research into public health practice. To address this issue, the authors suggest a research agenda that systematically delineates gaps in knowledge and guides development of data and resources.
- 1. The Ongoing Quality Improvement Journey
- 2. A Road Map for Improving the Performance of Performance Measures
- 3. Global Trigger Tool' Shows that Adverse Events in Hospitals May be Ten Times Greater Than Previously Measured
- 4. Preventing Bloodstream Infections
- 5. Measuring the Performance of Individual Physicians by Collecting Data from Multiple Health Plans
- 6. Measuring Health Care Performance Now, Not Tomorrow
- 7. Despite Improved Quality of Care in the Veterans Affairs Health System, Racial Disparity Persists for Important Clinical Outcomes
- 8. The Importance of Transitional Care in Achieving Health Reform
- 9. An Early Status Report on the Beacon Communities' Plans for Transformation Via Health Information Technology
- 10. A Comparative Study of 11 Local Health Department Organizational Networks
- 11. Public Health Performance
- 12. A Self-Assessment Process for Accreditation Preparedness
- 13. Public Health Delivery Systems
- 14. Regionalization in Local Public Health Systems
- 15. A Shot in the Rear, Not a Shot in the Dark
- 16. What Predicts Local Public Health Agency Performance Improvement?
- 17. Growth of a Scientific Community of Practice
- 18. Evolution of Coauthorship in Public Health Services and Systems Research
- 19. Resources that May Matter
- 20. Evidence Links Increases in Public Health Spending to Declines in Preventable Deaths
- 21. Public Health Financial Management Competencies
- 22. Decision Science
- 23. Public Health Financial Management Needs
- 24. Data-Driven Management Strategies in Public Health Collaboratives
- 25. Using Geographic Information Systems to Match Local Health Needs with Public Health Services and Programs
- 26. Public Health Systems and Services Research
- 27. Mapping the Multidisciplinary Field of Public Health Services and Systems Research