A Shot in the Rear, Not a Shot in the Dark

The Centers for Disease Control’s (CDC) guidelines for providing emergency smallpox vaccinations proved useful and practical during a hepatitis A outbreak.

In August and September 2003, tainted green onions from an eastern Tennessee restaurant led to 65 cases of hepatitis A. After tests confirmed hepatitis A in employees and patrons, two regional health departments established a single mass-site clinic. The health departments estimated that roughly 6,000 patrons had eaten at the restaurant during the spread of the outbreak. The mass clinic provided immune serum globulin (ISG), a hepatitis preventive.

This article describes the mass clinic built in response to the Tennessee hepatitis outbreak; the authors present statistics from the four days that the clinic operated; in addition, the article discusses how the Tennessee mass clinic applied CDC guidelines.

Key Findings:

  • Mass clinic staff provided 1.45 ISG doses per person-hour.
  • Over the clinic’s four days, the mean time from triage to injection was 9 to 6 minutes per person.

Two regional health departments in east Tennessee successfully adapted CDC guidelines for providing smallpox vaccines in emergency mass clinics. The Tennessee hepatitis A mass clinics can serve as a guide for responding to future outbreaks.

April Issue of Health Affairs Focuses on Patient Safety and Health Care Quality

  1. 1. The Ongoing Quality Improvement Journey
  2. 2. A Road Map for Improving the Performance of Performance Measures
  3. 3. Global Trigger Tool' Shows that Adverse Events in Hospitals May be Ten Times Greater Than Previously Measured
  4. 4. Preventing Bloodstream Infections
  5. 5. Measuring the Performance of Individual Physicians by Collecting Data from Multiple Health Plans
  6. 6. Measuring Health Care Performance Now, Not Tomorrow
  7. 7. Despite Improved Quality of Care in the Veterans Affairs Health System, Racial Disparity Persists for Important Clinical Outcomes
  8. 8. The Importance of Transitional Care in Achieving Health Reform
  9. 9. An Early Status Report on the Beacon Communities' Plans for Transformation Via Health Information Technology
  10. 10. A Comparative Study of 11 Local Health Department Organizational Networks
  11. 11. Public Health Performance
  12. 12. A Self-Assessment Process for Accreditation Preparedness
  13. 13. Public Health Delivery Systems
  14. 14. Regionalization in Local Public Health Systems
  15. 15. Public Health Services and Systems Research
  16. 16. A Shot in the Rear, Not a Shot in the Dark
  17. 17. What Predicts Local Public Health Agency Performance Improvement?
  18. 18. Growth of a Scientific Community of Practice
  19. 19. Evolution of Coauthorship in Public Health Services and Systems Research
  20. 20. Resources that May Matter
  21. 21. Evidence Links Increases in Public Health Spending to Declines in Preventable Deaths
  22. 22. Public Health Financial Management Competencies
  23. 23. Decision Science
  24. 24. Public Health Financial Management Needs
  25. 25. Data-Driven Management Strategies in Public Health Collaboratives
  26. 26. Using Geographic Information Systems to Match Local Health Needs with Public Health Services and Programs
  27. 27. Public Health Systems and Services Research
  28. 28. Mapping the Multidisciplinary Field of Public Health Services and Systems Research