Researchers from the Center of Alcohol Studies at Rutgers University analyzed longitudinal data from the Pittsburgh Youth Study to compare patterns of cigarette smoking over time among African-American and White males from childhood to young adulthood.
The researchers reported the following findings in an article in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence:
- Whites begin using tobacco earlier than African Americans, and tend to be heavier users.
- There were racial differences in the timing and rapidity of the development of regular smoking over time.
In a chapter in Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health and Health Care, they reported:
- The same factors were associated with higher smoking rates for African Americans and whites at all ages: delinquent peers, school performance and delinquency.