In 2002, the National Coalition on Health Care and the Institute for Healthcare Improvement produced and disseminated two reports profiling model strategies for managing chronic disease and providing care in the intensive care unit (ICU).
The reports were part of a broader initiative by the two organizations, called "Accelerating Change Today—For America's Health," aimed at encouraging health care providers and purchasers to adopt "best practices."
Project staff produced two reports profiling best practices in chronic illness and ICU care:
- In Curing the System, the team leader observed that optimal clinical management of chronic illness involves three ingredients:
- A clear definition of optimal care.
- An integrated set of system changes.
- An effective improvement strategy.
- In Care in the ICU, the team leader observed that the standards for the best ICU care center around an interdisciplinary ICU team led by a physician who specializes in the care of critically ill patients.