In 2001 and 2002, investigators at the Behavioral Medicine Laboratory at the State University of New York at Buffalo evaluated the effectiveness of school-based interventions to increase physical activity or aerobic fitness among children and adolescents.
Researchers reported the following findings:
- School-based interventions are moderately effective in increasing physical activity and fitness in children and adolescents.
- Interventions that targeted physical activity or fitness alone produced significantly larger improvements in fitness compared to interventions that targeted physical activity or fitness plus other health-related behaviors, such as nutrition and smoking.
- School-based interventions produced similar improvements in physical activity or fitness in both children and in adolescents.
- Although boys and girls both increased their fitness levels significantly, girls tended to show larger increases than boys.