Researchers with Friends Research Institute (Baltimore) analyzed data from a 1986 retrospective survey of 255 inner-city male narcotics addicts from Baltimore and 346 never-addicted males in a control group.
White addicts reported greater family dysfunction, drug abuse, psychological distress and lack of commitment to life goals during adolescence, than did African-American addicts.
During early adolescence, residing with both natural parents appeared to offer young urban males some protection from later addiction.
A strong attachment to a father or father figure, and a positive home atmosphere offered similar protection.
Urban male narcotic addicts can be distinguished from one another based on early risk factors related to their family, peer associates, proneness toward deviance, psychological status and resilience.
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