Increasing Caloric Contribution from Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and 100% Fruit Juices Among US Children and Adolescents, 1988-2004

From 1988 to 2004, consumption rates and caloric contributions from sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and fruit juices significantly increased among American youth.

What researchers found: Daily caloric contribution from SSBs and 100 percent fruit juice increased from 242 kcal/day in 1988–1994 to 270 kcal/day in 1999–2004. On a typical weekday, American youth consumed more calories from SSBs at home than at school. Preschool-aged children consumed more than half of SSB calories from fruit drinks, while soda contributed approximately 67 percent of caloric intake among adolescents.

Why we chose this publication: These study results highlight the need for decreasing SSB consumption patterns in the home, as well as in schools. Food labeling and regulations on marketing toward children may offer additional means for preventing excess caloric intake and obesity among U.S. children and adolescents.

What researchers studied: These researchers examined beverage consumption patterns for children and adolescents who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III (NHANES III, 1998–1994) and NHANES 1999–2004. Children completed two separate dietary recalls on the type, quantity, time and location of each beverage consumed over a 24-hour period.