Adverse Childhood Experiences

Children who experience trauma, such as neglect or physical, verbal, or sexual abuse, can suffer health adn social consequences long into adulthood. Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are linked to mental illness, chronic health conditions, and premature death. The physical, soical, and economic environment in which children live, and the shared societal values on health and well-being can contribute to whether or not children are exposed to these negative events.

The National Survey of Children’s Health data showed that, in 2016, 45.4% of children had one or more ACE's such as family divorce, domestic violence, or drug or alcohol use problems in the household. A decrease in this percentage of ACE's may indicate a reduction in the number of children experiencing these events—which may stem from improved life conditions and household environments of both children and their families.

Source: United States Census Bureau National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH) 2016

  • % of parents/guardians reporting their child ever had one or more ACEs

  • % of parents or guardians reporting their child ever had one or more ACEs, by age

  • % of parents/guardians reporting their child ever had one or more ACEs, by race/ethnicity

Disability-Adjusted Life Years Related to Chronic Disease

A large and growing number of people in America suffer from one or more chronic diseases. Measuring the impact and burden of chronic disease—and keeping an eye on the disparities that exist—highlights whether all individuals are able to live the healthiest life possible.

Using data from the Global Burden of Disease study, in 2015, the total disability-adjusted life years (years lost due to poor health, disability, or early death) for the top 10 chronic conditions in the United States was estimated to be 28,634,122 years. A decrease in this number would signal that more people are better managing their chronic conditions—potentially living longer and free from disability.


Source: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, 2015


  • Total Number of Dalys for U.S. Top 10 Causes of Death