Collaboration Among Communities and Law Enforcement
Community policing (a philosophy that combines traditional law enforcement with prevention measures and community engagement) can foster positive relationships between the public and the police. The President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing recommended that law enforcement agencies infuse community policing into their culture and organizational structure, and specify activities on which agencies and officers are evaluated. A community policing index of activities is a benchmark measure of overall agency performance on community policing across agency types, sizes, and U.S. regions.
According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics’ Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics (LEMAS) survey, in 2013, local police departments had the highest average score on an index of community policing activities (50.8), compared to primary state law enforcement agencies (48.2) and sheriff's offices (47.6). Higher average scores would suggest an increase in the number of community policing activities conducted by law enforcement agencies—and each of these activities is an opportunity to positively engage the public.
Mean Community Policing Index Score by Type of Agency
Mean Community Police Index Score by Region
Mean Community Policing Index Score by Total Number of Full and Part Time Sworn Personnel
Support for Working Families (FMLA)
The ability to care for loved ones in times of need is a critical part of family well-being. Through the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), workers have the opportunity to take leave to support their own or a family member’s health, while still keeping their jobs. However, FMLA leave is unpaid, which means that low-income workers in particular may be prevented from taking time off for reasons of financial hardship. As a federal policy, FMLA reflects a government effort to work with employers in ways that positively impact the health of workers and their families.
An analysis of the Current Population Survey’s Annual and Social Economic Supplement, in conjunction with MIT’s – Massachusetts Institute of Technology - Living Wage Calculator, showed that in 2017, 54% of families with working adults in the United States were eligible for FMLA and could afford to take it, a slight increase from the percentage of families in 2015 (52%). An increase in that percentage would suggest that more people are earning a living wage—covering expenses and still saving money—and can afford to take unpaid medical leave when needed.
Percentage of U.S. Families with Working Adults Eligible for FMLA Coverage Who Can Also Afford It, In 2017