Collaboration Among Communities and Law Enforcement

Community policing (a philosophy that combines traditional law enforcement with prevention measures and community engagement) can foster positive relationships between the public and the police. The President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing recommended that law enforcement agencies infuse community policing into their culture and organizational structure, and specify activities on which agencies and officers are evaluated. A community policing index of activities is a benchmark measure of overall agency performance on community policing across agency types, sizes, and U.S. regions.

According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics’ Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics (LEMAS) survey, in 2013, local police departments had the highest average score on an index of community policing activities (50.8), compared to primary state law enforcement agencies (48.2) and sheriff's offices (47.6). Higher average scores would suggest an increase in the number of community policing activities conducted by law enforcement agencies—and each of these activities is an opportunity to positively engage the public.

SOURCE: Bureau of Justice Statistics Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies 2013


  • Mean Community Policing Index Score by Type of Agency

  • Mean Community Police Index Score by Region

  • Mean Community Policing Index Score by Total Number of Full and Part Time Sworn Personnel

Support for Working Families (FMLA)

The ability to care for loved ones in times of need is a critical part of family well-being. Through the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), workers have the opportunity to take leave to support their own or a family member’s health, while still keeping their jobs. However, FMLA leave is unpaid, which means that low-income workers in particular may be prevented from taking time off for reasons of financial hardship. As a federal policy, FMLA reflects a government effort to work with employers in ways that positively impact the health of workers and their families.

An analysis of the Current Population Survey’s Annual and Social Economic Supplement, in conjunction with MIT’s – Massachusetts Institute of Technology - Living Wage Calculator, showed that in 2017, 54% of families with working adults in the United States were eligible for FMLA and could afford to take it, a slight increase from the percentage of families in 2015 (52%). An increase in that percentage would suggest that more people are earning a living wage—covering expenses and still saving money—and can afford to take unpaid medical leave when needed.

SOURCE: U.S. Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement, U.S. Census Bureau, 2017; MIT Living Wage data, 2017.

  • Percentage of U.S. Families with Working Adults Eligible for FMLA Coverage Who Can Also Afford It, In 2017