Behavioral Economics and Public Health at TED2010
Feb 16, 2010, 12:58 AM, Posted by Paul Tarini
I particularly enjoyed the TED talk by Elizabeth Pisani, author of the book, The Wisdom of Whores. A former journalist whose work now focuses on drug users and sex workers, Pisani has a PhD in infectious disease epidemiology from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and spoke on the second morning, one day after Princeton’s Daniel Kahneman, the father of behavioral economics.
Pisani voiced frustration during her talk about the mismatch between government policies and public health approaches and what influences the choices sex workers and drug users make. Her argument drew on the analytical framework behavioral economists like Kahneman have used so effectively to describe and understand the choices people make.
Pisani dismissed the field of public health as being limited by its reliance on a rational model to develop intervention programs. (TED likes iconoclasts.) In the case of sex workers, public health initiatives tell them engaging in unsafe sex with multiple partners can seriously compromise their health, presuming they will stop because it’s the rational choice to make. But Pisani argued that, in Indonesia, women become sex workers, in part, because they can make as much as five dollars a day when the average daily wage is 20 cents per day, a context that shapes their decision making.
I spoke with Elizabeth after her talk and asked her whether the field of public health could benefit from importing principles from the field of behavioral economics to improve analyses and interventions. She believes we need to focus on government and train political scientists in order to have better policy.
This commentary originally appeared on the RWJF Pioneering Ideas blog.