March 2001

Grant Results

SUMMARY

The American Association of Dental Schools, now the American Dental Education Association worked with the nation's dental schools and leaders in the profession to strengthen the status of dentistry as a science-based profession.

Key Results
The Association accomplished the following under the grant:

  • Appointed two special groups to investigate two key issues emerging from its 1998 75th Anniversary Summit Conference: the Commission on the Cost of Education and the Task Force on Future Dental School Faculty.
  • Participated in a Dental Specialty Task Force, comprised of representatives of dental specialties, to address ways that the specialties could provide financial support to those pursuing academic careers.
  • Created the Center for Educational Policy and Research to guide and formulate educational policy for dental schools.
  • Established the Leadership Institute, a yearlong fellowship program, to train the nation's most promising dental faculty.

Funding
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) provided $50,000 in funding from January to December 1999 to support the project.

 See Grant Detail & Contact Information
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THE PROJECT

This grant from RWJF provided partial support for a leadership initiative among the nation's dental schools to reinforce the importance of academic dentistry to the education, research, and outreach missions of the university.

It also encouraged leaders from within the profession, senior administrators in higher education, and government policymakers to strengthen the status of dentistry as a science-based profession. Dentistry as an academic discipline experienced the closure of six private dental schools between 1984 and 1994. This project was developed based on recommendations made in a 1995 Institute of Medicine (IOM) report called Dental Education at the Crossroads: Challenges and Change, a study partially supported by RWJF.

AADS, renamed ADEA after this grant closed, led this project, which also received support from 10 constituent members of the grantee organization, 2 nonprofit organizations, and participating dental school deans. (See Appendix 1 for other funders.)

AADS held its 75th Anniversary Summit Conference on the theme of this initiative. (See Appendix 2 for the conference advisory committee.) Entitled "Leadership for the Future: The Dental School in the University," the conference was held on October 12–13, 1998, in Washington, D.C., and brought together 47 of the 55 US dental school deans, 42 senior university administrators, and other leaders in higher education and government. Research and ten commissioned background papers supported by the grant informed the content of the conference. The presentations focused on an assessment of dental education's assets and deficits in key areas:

  1. financing
  2. teaching
  3. university service and visibility
  4. research and scholarly productivity
  5. patient and community services
  6. internal management of change.

Four priorities emerged from the conference as paramount to strengthening dental schools, thereby strengthening their relationships with their universities:

  • Recruit, retain, and develop future dental school faculty, including dental, oral, and craniofacial researchers.
  • Control the cost of education and address the related issue of student debt.
  • Develop future leaders in dental education.
  • Create an ongoing means for dental educators to analyze, formulate, and evaluate educational policy.

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RESULTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

  • The AADS president appointed a Commission on the Cost of Education that made recommendations in a February 1999 report. See Appendix 3 for a membership roster. Recommendations were:
    • Develop a public relations strategy to show the value of dental education.
    • Encourage new efforts in debt management education.
    • Determine the effect of debt on career choice and access to care.
    • Ascertain capital expenditure trends for dental school physical plants and implications for the future.
    • Investigate ways for dental schools to control costs and increase revenues.
  • The AADS president appointed a Task Force on Future Dental School Faculty that made recommendations in an August 1999 report. See Appendix 4 for a membership roster. Recommendations were:
    • Collect data to clarify the magnitude of and reasons for faculty shortages and to project faculty shortages for the next decade.
    • Create a set of programmatic activities through AADS to promote academic careers.
    • Promote debt forgiveness and other means of funding those who pursue education and research careers.
    • Implement culture-changing programs within dental education to mentor, prepare, and recruit future faculty.
    • Establish methods for developing, nurturing, and retaining faculty.
  • ADEA is participating with a Dental Specialty Task Force, comprised of representatives of dental specialties, to address ways that the specialties could provide financial support to those pursuing academic careers. See Appendix 5 for member organizations.
  • AADS created the Center for Educational Policy and Research to guide and formulate educational policy for dental schools. See Appendix 6 for Advisory Board members.
  • AADS established the Leadership Institute, a yearlong fellowship program, to train the nation's most promising dental faculty (up to 20 fellows per year) to become future leaders in dental and higher education.

Communications

The conference report and proceedings, entitled Leadership for the Future: The Dental School in the University — 75th Anniversary Summit Conference Discussion Papers and Proceedings, and two additional reports developed from the project, The Cost of Dental Education: Report of the President's Commission and The Future of Dental School Faculty: Report of the President's Task Force, were distributed to dental and other health professional organizations and policymakers.

The Web site of the AADS (now ADEA) also includes either the full text or key parts of all three publications. An article about the work of the conference appeared in the AADS Bulletin of Dental Education, which is distributed to its membership and available online. See the Bibliography for complete details.

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AFTER THE GRANT

In January 2000, the Leadership Institute distributed a Call for Nominations to form its class for 2000–2001. The Leadership Institute and the Center for Educational Policy and Research Advisory Board each met in July 2000. In response to the President's Commission on the Cost of Education and the President's Task Force on Future Dental School Faculty, a number of initiatives will be pursued:

  1. A national conference on dental and oral health research for the purpose of enhancing and developing the research mission of dental education.
  2. Development of information for the ADEA Web site, for students to learn about the rewards and benefits, as well as the steps toward, an academic career.
  3. Collection of data to determine current funding levels of endowments at US dental schools.
  4. Development of a regional pilot project to investigate innovative and alternative ways of teaching.
  5. Formation of a Blue Ribbon panel to discuss future workforce issues, oral health care disparities, and access to care.
  6. Creation of a new leadership development program for current deans.

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GRANT DETAILS & CONTACT INFORMATION

Project

Alliance-Building Between Dental Schools and University Health Sciences Centers

Grantee

American Association of Dental Schools Inc.* (Washington,  DC)

  • Amount: $ 50,000
    Dates: January 1999 to December 1999
    ID#:  035156

Contact

N. Karl Haden, Ph.D.
(202) 667-9433
hadenk@adea.org

Web Site

http://www.adea.org

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*renamed the American Dental Education Association

APPENDICES


Appendix 1

(Current as of the time of the grant; provided by the grantee organization; not verified by RWJF.)

Other Funding Agencies

AADS Corporate Members (Each member provided funding from $5,000 to $10,000)

  • A-dec
  • Block Drug Corporation
  • Colgate Oral Pharmaceuticals
  • Dental Learning Systems
  • ESPE Dental AG
  • Henry Schein, Inc.
  • Kerr Corporation
  • Milestone Scientific
  • Nobel Biocare USA, Inc.
  • Proctor and Gamble

Nonprofit Organizations

  • The National Institute of Dental Research (later renamed the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research), $25,000
  • The Friends of the National Institute of Dental Research, $5,000

Other

  • Participating dental school deans, $135 each for registration fee


Appendix 2

(Current as of the time of the grant; provided by the grantee organization; not verified by RWJF.)

AADS Leadership Summit Advisory Committee

Judith E. Albino, Ph.D.
President
California School of Professional Psychology
San Francisco, Calif.

Dominick P. DePaola, D.D.S., Ph.D., Sc.D. (Hon.)
President and CEO
Forsyth Dental Center
Boston, Mass.

John A. DiBiaggio, Ph.D.
President
Tufts University
Medford, Mass.

Jay A. Gershen, D.D.S., Ph.D.
Executive Vice Chancellor
University of Colorado Health Sciences Center
Denver, Colo.

Bernard Machen, D.D.S., Ph.D.
President
University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah

Wallace V. Mann, Jr., D.M.D.
Former Provost
University of Louisville
Louisville, Ky.

John P. Howe, III, M.D. (Ex Officio)
President
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

Lindsay M. Hunt, Jr., D.D.S., Ph.D.
President (1998–1999)
American Association of Dental Schools
(Renamed the American Dental Education Association)
Washington, D.C.

Michael J. Reed, B.D.S., Ph.D.
Immediate Past President (1997–1998)
Chair, 75th Anniversary Planning Committee
American Association of Dental Schools
(Renamed the American Dental Education Association)
Washington, D.C.

Richard W. Valachovic, D.M.D., M.P.H.
Executive Director
American Association of Dental Schools
(Renamed the American Dental Education Association)
Washington, D.C.


Appendix 3

(Current as of the time of the grant; provided by the grantee organization; not verified by RWJF.)

AADS President's Commission on the Cost of Education

Patrick J. Ferrillo, Jr., D.D.S., Chair
Dean
School of Dental Medicine
Southern Illinois University
Edwardsville, Ill.

Arthur A. Dugoni, D.D.S., M.S.D.
Dean
School of Dentistry
University of the Pacific
Stockton, Calif.

N. Karl Haden, Ph.D.
Associate Executive Director for Educational Policy and Research
American Association of Dental Schools
(Renamed the American Dental Education Association)
Washington, D.C.

James E. Hardigan, Ph.D.
Associate Dean
School of Dentistry
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, Va.

Mr. Derek Kirkham
Student
School of Dentistry
University of Colorado
Denver, Colo.

Anne Wells, Ed.D.
Director of Financial Aid
School of Dentistry
University of Louisville
Louisville, Ky.

Deborah L. Zeitler, D.D.S., M.S.
Professor
College of Dentistry
University of Iowa
Iowa City, Iowa


Appendix 4

(Current as of the time of the grant; provided by the grantee organization; not verified by RWJF.)

AADS Presidential Task Force on Future Faculty Members

Charles N. Bertolami, D.D.S., D.Med.Sc., Chair
Dean
School of Dentistry
University of California at San Francisco
San Francisco, Calif.

Phyllis L. Beemsterboer, R.D.H., Ed.D.
Associate Dean for Academic Affairs
School of Dentistry
Oregon Health Sciences University
Portland, Ore.

Mary Lynn Capilouto, D.M.D., S.M.
Dean
School of Dentistry
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Ala.

N. Karl Haden, Ph.D.
Associate Executive Director for Educational Policy and Research
American Association of Dental Schools
(Renamed the American Dental Education Association)
Washington, D.C.

Ronald J. Hunt, D.D.S., M.S.
Dean
School of Dentistry
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, Va.

David Johnsen, D.D.S., M.S.
Dean
College of Dentistry
University of Iowa
Iowa City, Iowa


Appendix 5

(Current as of the time of the grant; provided by the grantee organization; not verified by RWJF.)

Members of the Dental Specialty Task Force

Harmon Katz, D.D.S., Chair
American Association of Endodontists
Chicago, Ill.

Kathryn Atchison, D.D.S.
American Association of Public Health Dentistry
Portland, Ore.

Durwood (Woody) Bach, D.D.S.
American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
Rosemont, Ill.

Ronald Baughman, D.D.S.
American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology
Naperville, Ill.

Mr. James Bolin
American Association of Orthodontists
St. Louis, Mo.

James Caveney, D.D.S.
American Association of Orthodontists
St. Louis, Mo.

Kevin Donly, D.D.S.
American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
Chicago, Ill.

Georgia Johnson, D.D.S.
American Academy of Periodontology
Chicago, Ill.

Richard Monahan, D.D.S.
American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology
Jackson, Miss.

Laura Newmann, D.D.S.
American Dental Association Division of Education
Chicago, Ill.

Mr. Barkley Payne
American Dental Association Health Foundation
Chicago, Ill.

Richard Valachovic, D.M.D., M.P.H.
American Dental Education Association
Washington, D.C.

Dennis Weir, D.D.S.
American College of Prosthodontists
Chicago, Ill.

N. Karl Haden, D.D.S.
American Dental Education Association
Washington, D.C.


Appendix 6

(Current as of the time of the grant; provided by the grantee organization; not verified by RWJF.)

AADS Center for Educational Policy and Research Advisory Board Members

Wallace V. Mann, Jr., D.M.D. Chair
Former Provost
University of Louisville
Louisville, Ky.

Stephen C. Bayne, Ph.D.
President (1999–2000)
American Association of Dental Research
Professor of Operative Dentistry
School of Dentistry
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, N.C.

Phyllis L. Beemsterboer, R.D.H., Ed.D.
Associate Dean for Academic Affairs
School of Dentistry
Oregon Health Sciences University
Portland, Ore.

Jack S. Broussard, Jr., D.D.S.
Former President
California Dental Society
General Dentistry, Private Practice
Pasadena, Calif.

Howard M. Landesman, D.D.S., M.Ed.
Dean
School of Dentistry
University of Colorado
Denver, Colo.

Louis G. Mercuri, D.D.S., M.S.
Chief
Division of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery and Dental Medicine
Loyola University Medical Center
Chicago, Ill.

Nikolaj M. "Nik" Petrovic
President and CEO
American Dental Trade Association
Alexandria, Va.

Derry Shanley, F.D.S., F.T.C.D., M.Sc.D., Dr.Odont.
Dean
Trinity College Dental School
Dublin, Ireland

Louis W. Sullivan, M.D.
President
Morehouse School of Medicine
Former Secretary of Health and Human Services
Atlanta, Ga.

Jon Whitmore, Ph.D.
Provost
University of Iowa
Iowa City, Iowa

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

(Current as of date of this report; as provided by grantee organization; not verified by RWJF; items not available from RWJF.)

Books and Reports

Haden NK (ed.). The Cost of Dental Education: Report of the President's Commission. Washington, D.C.: American Association of Dental Schools, 1999.

Haden NK (ed.). The Future of Dental School Faculty: Report of the President's Task Force. Washington, D.C.: American Association of Dental Schools, 1999.

Brochures and Fact Sheets

"Leadership Institute: 2000–2001 Call for Nominations." American Association of Dental Schools, 2000.

World Wide Web Sites

www.aads.jhu.edu now renamed www.adea.org includes either the full text or key parts of the publications produced from the Summit Conference. Copies of the publications may be ordered online. Also includes updates about activities related to this project.

World Wide Web Coverage

Through its listservs and those of the American Association of Dental Research (AADR) and the International Association of Dental Research, AADS (ADEA) has informed dental and oral health administrators, faculty, and researchers around the world of the availability of the Leadership for the Future publication at the ADEA Web site.

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Report prepared by: Jan Hempel
Reviewed by: Robert Crum
Reviewed by: Janet Heroux
Program Officer: Terrance Keenan

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