December 2000

Grant Results

SUMMARY

The American Medical Association (AMA) organized the national conference, "Alcohol Policy XI – Common Goals, Common Challenges: Creating Alcohol-Safe Communities Through Alcohol Policies."

The conference, cosponsored by the federal Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP) and nine other organizations, was the eleventh in the series, was held on May 10–13, 1998, in Chicago, Ill. It was attended by 378 people, including:

  • Alcohol policymakers and researchers.
  • Leaders of youth community organizations.
  • Representatives of university alcohol control programs, public health departments, and religious organizations.
  • Physicians interested in policy and primary prevention.

Key Highlights and Findings Presented

  • Reductions in alcohol abuse can be achieved through a variety of environmental policies. Among the effective strategies highlighted at the conference:
    • Reducing alcohol billboards and other advertisements.
    • Requiring beer kegs to be registered.
    • Making changes to zoning laws to reduce the concentration of bars and restaurants in certain neighborhoods.
  • Other potential policies include:
    • Raise taxes on alcohol.
    • Ban drive-up liquor windows.
  • Coalitions between community groups, health care providers, law enforcement officials and others can effectively unite to conduct alcohol prevention programs and influence alcohol policy. Among the many projects highlighted:
    • Latino community organizations in San Jose, Calif., created a multimedia social marketing campaign to counteract alcohol advertising targeted at cultural festivals such as Cinco de Mayo.
  • Physicians in clinical settings may be missing "teachable moments" that could reduce their patients' alcohol consumption. Screening and brief intervention (SBI), an alcohol abuse prevention program that trains physicians to identify problem drinkers and provide them with brief counseling, shows promise in decreasing problem drinking, according to a review of previous studies.

Funding
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) provided a grant of $98,065 from August 1997 to August 1998 in partial support of the meeting.

RWJF provided support for the next conference, "Alcohol Policy XII, Alcohol and Crime: Research and Practice for Prevention," which was held in June 2000. See Grant Results on ID# 038022.

 See Grant Detail & Contact Information
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THE PROJECT

This grant from RWJF provided partial support for a national conference, "Alcohol Policy XI," which was organized by the AMA and coordinated by a planning and executive committee. (See Appendix 1 for a roster of members.)

The goals of the conference were to:

  1. Advance understanding of environmental policy approaches to reducing alcohol-related problems.
  2. Build skills of community groups, health professionals, and policymakers.
  3. Strengthen networks of alcohol prevention groups at community, state, and national levels.

The conference was the eleventh in a series dedicated to discussing innovative environmental policy approaches and research for preventing alcohol-related problems. It was cosponsored by CSAP of the US Department of Health and Human Services and nine other organizations. (See Appendix 2 for a list of sponsors.) RWJF provided partial funding for the conference and funding for youth, college, and community leaders to attend. CSAP contributed approximately $50,000 to support conference activities.

The conference "Alcohol Policy XI — Common Goals, Common Challenges: Creating Alcohol-Safe Communities Through Alcohol Policies" was held on May 10–13, 1998, in Chicago, Ill. The conference was attended by 378 people, including alcohol policymakers and researchers; leaders of youth community organizations; representatives of university alcohol control programs, public health departments, and religious organizations; and physicians interested in policy and primary prevention.

The conference agenda included presentations on:

  • Environmental policy approaches to reducing alcohol-related problems. Seminars, for example, examined the effectiveness of raising prices, restricting access, and increasing the minimum drinking age to reduce alcohol consumption and drinking-related problems.
  • Case studies designed to help build skills of community groups, health professionals, and policymakers in implementing science-based environmental strategies for alcohol abuse prevention. For example, case studies were presented on alcohol sales, community organizing, media and media advocacy, driving under the influence (DUI) policies, and deterrence strategies.
  • The role of primary care and emergency room physicians in screening patients for alcohol abuse, and a study of access to alcohol and substance abuse treatment services among pregnant women in and out of managed care. (See the Bibliography for agenda details.)

Other Funding

The conference was co-sponsored by the federal Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP) and nine other organizations (see Appendix 2 for a list).

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HIGHLIGHTS AND FINDINGS PRESENTED

  • Reductions in alcohol abuse can be achieved through a variety of environmental policies. Reducing alcohol billboards and other advertisements, requiring beer kegs to be registered, and making changes to zoning laws to reduce the concentration of bars and restaurants in certain neighborhoods were among the effective environmental strategies highlighted at the conference. Other potential policies include:
    • Raise taxes on alcohol. Higher beer excise taxes significantly reduced both the frequency of youth drinking and the probability of heavy drinking, a national study of high school seniors found.
    • Ban drive-up liquor windows. States that allow people to purchase alcohol from establishments with drive-up windows have a drunk driving fatality rate that is 14 percent higher, on average, than states that do not. Among 2,500 drunk drivers arrested in Santa Fe, two-thirds of those with open containers had purchased their alcoholic beverage at a drive-up window.
  • Coalitions between community groups, health care providers, law enforcement officials and others can effectively unite to conduct alcohol prevention programs and influence alcohol policy. Among the many projects highlighted:
    • Latino community organizations in San Jose, Calif., created a multimedia social marketing campaign to counteract alcohol advertising targeted at cultural festivals such as Cinco de Mayo.
    • A black women's organization mobilized support for a ban on alcohol and tobacco billboard advertising in Compton, Calif. — the first such ban in the state.
    • A Kentucky coalition of parents, police, and liquor-store owners created a program to inform parents when those under 21 attempt to purchase alcohol.
  • Physicians in clinical settings may be missing "teachable moments" that could reduce their patients' alcohol consumption. A physician's words and actions can make a dramatic impression on patients, helping them to change their behavior and lifestyle regarding alcohol consumption. Screening and brief intervention (SBI), an alcohol abuse prevention program that trains physicians to identify problem drinkers and provide them with brief counseling, shows promise in decreasing problem drinking, according to a review of previous studies.

Communications

The AMA and various sponsors disseminated a collection of conference papers entitled Common Goals, Common Challenges: Creating Alcohol-Safe Communities through Alcohol Policies. The journal The Bottom Line on Alcohol in Society published a special issue on the conference. The conference was covered by JAMA, the Chicago Sun-Times, and various other print, regional radio, and television media. (See the Bibliography for details of conference presentations, publications, and media coverage.)

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AFTER THE GRANT

A conference, "Alcohol Policy XII: Alcohol and Crime: Research and Practice for Prevention," sponsored by the National Crime Prevention Council in partnership with other groups, took place in Washington, D.C. on June 10–14, 2000. RWJF provided funding for the conference (Grant ID# 038022).

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GRANT DETAILS & CONTACT INFORMATION

Project

National Alcohol Policy XI Conference

Grantee

American Medical Association (Chicago,  IL)

  • Amount: $ 98,065
    Dates: August 1997 to August 1998
    ID#:  032190

Contact

Richard A. Yoast, Ph.D.
(312) 464-4202
Richard_Yoast@ama-assn.org

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APPENDICES


Appendix 1

(Current as of the time of the grant; provided by the grantee organization; not verified by RWJF.)

Alcohol Policy Conference XI Planning & Executive Committee

Diane Barry
Communications Director
Join Together
Boston University School of Public Health

Larry Bedard, M.D., A.C.E.P.
President
American College of Emergency Physicians
Sausalito, Calif.

Rev. Jesse Brown
Director
National Association of African Americans for Positive Imagery
Philadelphia, Pa.

James A. Callahan, D.P.A.
Executive Vice President
American Society of Addiction Medicine
Chevy Chase, Md.

Johnnetta Davis
Deputy Director, Reducing Underage Drinking Through Coalitions
American Medical Association
Chicago, Ill.

Bob Denniston
Chief, Division of Public Education and Dissemination
Center for Substance Abuse Prevention
Rockville, Md.

Ron Dixon
Staff
Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of America (CADCA)
Alexandria, Va.

Robert N. Downing
Director, Public Policy Program
Join Together
Boston University School of Public Health
Boston, Mass.

Norman Giesbrecht
Senior Scientist
Addiction Research Foundation
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Janice Ford-Griffin
Deputy Director, Fighting Back®
Join Together
Boston University School of Public Health
Boston, Mass.

Sandra Hoover, Ph.D.
Deputy Director, A Matter of Degree
American Medical Association
Chicago, Ill.

David Jernigan
Liaison for World Health Organization
Marin Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol & Other Drug Problems
Felton, Calif.

Judy Kosterman
Director of Technical Assistance
Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of America
Alexandria, Va.

Marilyn Aguirre-Molina, Ed.D.
Senior Program Officer
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Princeton, N.J.

James Mosher, J.D.
Marin Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol & Other Drug Problems
Felton, Calif.

Jeanette Noltenius
Executive Director
Latino Council on Alcohol & Tobacco
Washington, D.C.

Penny Norton
Director
FACE
Clare, Mich.

Robert I. Reynolds, Mass.
Center Director
Center for Substance Abuse Prevention
National Center for the Advancement of Prevention
Rockville, Md.

Barbara Ryan
Communications Consultant
Higher Education Center
San Diego, Calif.

Riz Wan Shah, M.D., F.A.A.P.
Chair, AAP Substance Abuse Committee
Children's Health Center
Blank Children's Hospital
Des Moines, Iowa

Bob Shearouse
Director, Public Policy
Mothers Against Drunk Driving
Irving, Texas

John Slade, M.D.
St. Peter's Medical Center
New Brunswick, N.J.

Patricia Wright
Staff
Center of Substance Abuse Prevention
National Center for the Advancement of Prevention
Rockville, Md.

Richard Yoast, Ph.D.
Director
Office of Alcohol and Other Substances
American Medical Association
Chicago, Ill.


Appendix 2

(Current as of the time of the grant; provided by the grantee organization; not verified by RWJF.)

Conference Cosponsors

  • Addiction Research Foundation
  • Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP)
  • Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of America (CADCA)
  • Crime Prevention Coalition of America
  • Facing Alcohol Concerns Through Education
  • The Higher Education Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Prevention
  • Join Together
  • Latino Council on Alcohol & Tobacco
  • The Marin Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Problems
  • Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD)

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

(Current as of date of this report; as provided by grantee organization; not verified by RWJF; items not available from RWJF.)

Books and Reports

Common Goals, Common Challenges: Creating Alcohol-Safe Communities Through Alcohol Policies: Professional Papers Alcohol Policy Conference XI. American Medical Association, May 10–13, 1998, Chicago, Ill.

Articles

"Alcohol Policy XI: Time to Push Back." The Bottom Line on Alcohol in Society, 19(2): Summer 1998: A special issue of the journal focusing on research and presentations made at the Alcohol Policy Conference XI.

Babor TF and Higgins-Biddle JC. "Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention: Dissemination Strategies for Medical Practice and Public Health." Addiction, 95(5): 677–686, 2000. Abstract available online.

Lange J and Voas R. "Characteristics and Motivations of Cross-Border Binge Drinkers in Tijuana." Paper presented at the American Medical Association's Alcohol Policy XI Meeting, Chicago, Ill., May 10–13, 1998.

Sponsored Conferences

"Alcohol National Policy XI Conference, "Common Goals, Common Challenges: Creating Alcohol-Safe Communities Through Alcohol Policy," May 10–13, 1998, Chicago, Ill. Attended by 378 people, including alcohol policymakers and researchers; leaders of youth community organizations; representatives of government agencies, university alcohol control programs, public health departments, religious organizations; physicians interested in policy and primary prevention; health care policymakers; and staff and members of sponsoring organizations.

General Session Presentations

  • Gen. Barry R. McCaffrey, Office of National Drug Control Policy. "Alcohol Policy in the National Drug Control Strategy."
  • Griffith Edwards, National Addiction Centre, London. "Alcohol Policy as Everyone's Business."
  • Mac Marshall, University of Iowa-Iowa City; Leanne Riley, World Health Organization; and David H. Jernigan, The Marin Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol & Other Drug Problems. "Alcohol Policies in Developing Societies: Challenges and Prevention Opportunities."
  • Bill DeJong, Higher Education Center. "An Environmental Approach to College Binge Drinking."
  • Sila M. Calderon, Mayor of San Juan, Puerto Rico. "The Code of Public Order: An Innovative Approach to an Alcohol-Safe Community."
  • Penny Norton, Facing Alcohol Concerns Through Education. "Let the River Run."
  • James E. Copple, National Crime Prevention Council, "Aristotle and Plato — Old Questions Never Die: Ethics and Values as Alcohol Policy."
  • Elissa Wietzman and Henry Wechsler, Harvard School of Public Health, "Changes in College Alcohol and Tobacco Prevention Policies, 1992–1997: The Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study."

Plenary Sessions (available on audiotape)

  • "The Location and Condition of Alcohol Sales," John Slade, (moderator), Harold D. Holder, Linda Padilla Sanchez, and Makani N. Themba (commentators).
  • "Lessons in Community Organizing and Coalition Building," Nelson Cooney (moderator), Sylvia Castillo, Patric Harmon, Rev. Michael L. Pfleger (commentators).
  • "The Price and Promotion of Alcohol," Joan Hollendonner (moderator), Frank J. Chaloupka, Eduardo Hernandez and Alpha Estes Brown (commentators).
  • "Alcohol and Public Safety," Robert C. Shearouse (moderator), Jim Hedlund, Karolyn V. Nunnallee and W.J. Wilson (commentators).

Case Study Presentations

  • Case Studies of Alcohol Sales
    • Shirley T. Corbett, "Training for Responsible Alcohol Sales and Service in South Carolina."
    • Simone Cusenza, "Community Organizing for Responsible Beverage Service in Ontario, Canada."
    • Gary C. Hein, "Keg Registration: Regulating Underage Drinking in Minneapolis."
    • Karen D. Keay, "Responsible Beverage Service For Community-Based Special Events in Orange County, Calif."
    • Linda Padilla Sanchez and Peter Roeper, "The Conditional Use Process: Empowering Neighborhoods in Salinas, Calif."
    • Colleen Tessier, "Creating Safer Bars in Ontario: A Community Action Approach."
    • Pat Ketcham and Julie M. Phye, "The Stepping Up Project: Enforcing Responsible Alcohol Policies in a University Community."
    • Joan L. Kiley, "Campaigning for Responsible Beverage Sales in Oakland, Calif."
    • Cleo Malone, "San Diego's Alcohol Beverage Outlet Ordinance."
    • Gary R. McGrew, "Developing Strategies for Responsible Beverage Sales in Portland, OR."
    • Anthony J. Pearsall and Michael Sparks, "New Visions: Alcohol Policy and Neighborhood Revitalization in Vallejo, Calif."
    • Dag Rekve, "'Ready for New Goals': Sports and Alcohol Policy in Norway."
  • Case Studies of Community Organizing
    • Felix Alvarez, "Our Culture Is Not For Sale: Alcohol Advertising and Latino Festivals."
    • William DeJong, with Linus Lee, Jason Conti and Kate Nelson, "Editorial and Advertising Policies for Covering Alcohol Issues in the Collegiate Press."
    • Nora L. Drexler, Justin Eichenlaub and Tom Heath, "Youth Leadership in Erie, Pa.: The Kids Interacting Drug-Free Coalition."
    • Patricia Harmon, Candace Peters and Bob Swisher, "Ohio's Environmental Approach to Preventing Binge Drinking on College Campuses."
    • Jana Hogan, "Key Strategies in Community Organizing: Examples of Youth Involvement."
    • David H. Jernigan and James F. Mosher, "Alcohol Policy and Community Economic Development in California."
    • Laurie Leiber, "Hands Off Halloween: Local Coalitions Lead a Nationwide Campaign."
    • Paula Lowry and Janet Pfeffer, "Mobilizing Maryland Communities for Legislative Change."
    • Michael L. Rothschild, "Social Marketing and Binge Drinking on College Campuses."
    • Mary Ann Solberg, "Community Organizing in Troy, Michigan: A Model for Success."
    • Nancy Vasquez, Friedner D. Wittman and Joe R. Harding, "Alcohol/Drug Sensitive Information Planning Systems: A New Tool for Community Organizing."
  • Case Studies on the Price and Promotion of Alcohol
    • Anne L. Galant, "First Night: A Canadian Community Reclaims New Year's Eve."
    • Ronald B. Brinn, "New York Activist Puts Youth-Oriented Alcohol Advertising on Ice."
    • Diana M. Conti. "Kids' Rights vs. Alcohol Profits: Shareholders of Anheuser-Busch for Advertising Reform."
    • Lewis D. Eigen and George A. Hacker, "A Votre Sante? Making Sense of the Health Benefits of Alcohol."
    • Maureen A. Ketchum, "San Francisco Teens Investigate Alcohol Advertising Techniques."
    • Christopher W. Lloyd, "Deconstructing Alcohol Advertising: A Model Media Literacy Curriculum."
    • Marjana Martinic, Nancy B. Chase, Kathryn M. Akerlund and Barton Alexander, "Breaking the Language Barrier: The CSAP/ICAP Joint Working Group."
    • James F. Mosher and Bev Thomas. "Organizing to Remove Alcohol Billboards in Inner-City Communities."
    • Glenn R.Wieringa, "Educating New Mexico: Alcohol and Public Policy."
  • Case Studies in Media and Political Advocacy
    • Kristine R. Bailey, "Good Things Happen in Compton: Community Organizing for Responsible Advertising Policies."
    • James Baker, "Crossing Borders: US-Mexican Collaboration for Responsible Alcohol Policy."
    • Alpha Estes Brown, "Organizing a Moratorium on Alcohol Licenses in the Nation's Capital."
    • William F. Crimi and Philip H. Cass, "Hope for the Future: The Impact of Policy Panels in Franklin County, Ohio."
    • Debra F. Erenberg, "Last Call for High-Risk Bar Promotions that Target College Students."
    • Dorothy Norman, "Grassroots Lobbying: The Campaign to Pass Missouri's Zero Tolerance Law."
    • Karolyn V. Nunnallee, "Putting Your Passion Into Action: MADD's Student Activist Training Program."
    • Nancy G. Rea, "Drawing the Line on Under-21 Alcohol Use: Multi-Faceted Strategies for Change."
    • Diane Riibe, "Stopping the "Buy Out" by Alcohol License Holders in Nebraska."
    • Dan Tomsky, "Underage Drinking Issues: Youth Participation in Creative Media Advocacy."
  • Case Studies of Driving Under the Influence (DUI) Policies and Deterrence Strategies
    • Phillip A. Brewer, "Medical Reporting of Impaired Drivers by Emergency Physicians in Connecticut."
    • Ruth Esteban and Peter Roeper, "Preventing Alcohol Related Trauma in Salinas: A Community Responds to Drinking and Driving."
    • Rosalind Luther, "Influencing Public Policy on DUIs: The Case of Hawaii."
    • Patsy Manzanares, "The Wolf Pack: New Mexico's Zero Tolerance Program."
    • Susan M. Nedza, "The Emergency Medicine Response to DUIs: Raising Awareness, Developing Strategies."
    • Steven Schmidt, "Minor Checker: New Technology to Prevent Underage Drinking and DUIs."
    • Mary C. Stauffer, "Last Call Comes Early in a Kansas County."
    • Dana J. Stevens, "Reducing New Year's Eve DUIs: A Media Advocacy Campaign."
    • George J. Van Komen, "Working Together to Reduce DUIs in Utah."
    • Donna Weisenhahn, "Parent Alert: A Community Collaborative to Regulate Underage Drinking and Reduce DUIs."

Seminars

  • Access to Alcohol and the Effects of Availability (Harold D. Holder, moderator)
    • Nancy Owen Lewis and Sandra Lapham, "Drive-Up Liquor Windows and Drunk Driving: A Comparative Study of Place of Purchase."
    • Norman Giesbrecht and Lynn Kavanagh, "Access to Alcoholic Beverages, Consumption Rates, and Public Opinion in Ontario: Implications for Health-Oriented Public Policies."
    • Linda A. Fletcher, "Home Delivery of Alcohol to Youth and Problem Drinkers."
  • The Role of Treatment (Thomas F. Babor, moderator)
    • Catherine A. Nogeotte, "Access to Substance Abuse Treatment in the Context of Routine Prenatal Care: A Comparison of Public Health and Managed care."
    • Linda C. Degutis, "Changing the Emergency Department Physician's Role in Screening and Intervention for Alcohol Use."
    • Thomas F. Babor, "Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention: How Prevention Policies Can Benefit Clinical Practice."
  • The Price of Alcohol (Esa Osterberg, moderator)
    • Norman Giesbrecht and Suzanne P. Johnson, "Promotion and Control of Alcohol Advertising in the US: Issues and Perspectives."
    • James E. Lange and Robert Voas, "Characteristics and Motivations of Cross-Border Binge Drinkers in Tijuana."
  • The Role of Professional Organizations in Alcohol Policy Advocacy
    • Ross N. Rubin (moderator), Marcia Rincon Gallardo, Greg Hamilton, Sheila M. Murphy, Sarah Kayson (commentators).
  • Alcohol and Public Safety (Norman Giesbrecht and Kathryn Stewart, moderators)
    • Traci L. Toomey, "Effect of Minimum Legal Drinking Age on Suicides."
    • Robert B. Voas and James E. Lange, "Evaluating California's Enforcement of 'Zero Tolerance' Laws."
    • William R. Latham III, "Will Lowering the Legal Blood Alcohol Concentration Limit Reduce Highway Traffic Fatalities?"
  • Special International Session
    • "Alcohol Policies in Developing Societies: Challenges and Prevention Opportunities, Robin Room (moderator), Mac Marshall, Leanne Riley, David H. Jernigan.
  • Seminars Based on chapters of "Alcohol Policy and the Public Good" (Griffith et al., World Health Organization (WHO), 1994.)
    • "The Price of Alcohol and its Effects on Consumption and Drinking-Related Problems":
    • Norman Giesbrecht, "Promotion and Control of Alcohol Advertising in the U.S.: Issues and Perspectives Characteristics."
    • James E. Lange, and Robert B. Voas, "Characteristics and Motivations of Cross-Border Binge Drinkers in Tijuana."
  • "Access to Alcohol and the Effects of Availability on Consumption and Alcohol-Related Problems":
    • Nancy Owen Lewis, and Dr. Sandra Lapham, "Drive-Up Liquor Windows and Drunk Driving: A Comparative Study of Place of Purchase."
    • Norman Giesbrecht and Lynn Kavanagh, "Access to Alcoholic Beverages, and Consumption Rates."
    • Public Opinions in Ontario: Implications for Health-Oriented Public Policies
    • Linda A. Fletcher, Traci L. Toomey, Alexander C. Wagenaar and Mark L. Willenbring, "Home Delivery of Alcohol to Youth and Problem Drinkers."
  • "Alcohol and Public Safety Within Particular Contexts":
    • Traci L. Toomey, Alexander C. Wagenaar, Eileen Harwood and Willard Manning, "Effect of Minimum Legal Drinking Age on Suicides."
    • Robert B. Voas, Jame E. Lange and Scott Tippetts, "Evaluating California's Enforcement of "Zero Tolerance" Laws."
    • William R. Latham III, "Will Lowering the Legal Blood Alcohol Concentration Limit Reduce Highway Traffic Fatalities?"
  • "Individually Directed Interventions as a Component of the Public Health Response to Alcohol (The Role of Treatment)":
    • Catherine Nageotte, "Access to Substance Abuse Treatment in the Context of Routine Prenatal Care: A Comparison of Public Health and Managed Care."
    • Thomas F. Babor and John Higgins-Biddle, "Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention: How Prevention Policies Can Benefit Clinical Practice."
    • The Role of Professional Organizations in Alcohol Policy Advocacy.
    • Linda C. Degutis, "Changing the Emergency Department Physician's Role in Screening and Intervention for Alcohol Use."

Print Coverage

"AMA: Colleges Rife with Heavy Drinkers," in United Press International (UPI), May 11, 1998.

"AMA Leads Effort to Attack Alcohol Abuse on Campus," in the Chicago Sun-Times, May 11, 1998.

"Drug Czar Targets 'Lifelong Misery'," in the Chicago Sun-Times, May 13, 1998.

"Drunk Drivers: Treat or Report?," in American Medical News, June 1, 1998.

"'Teachable Moments' Provide a Means for Physicians to Lower Alcohol Abuse." In the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), June 10, 1998.

Television Coverage

(Evening news broadcasts)

  • Channel 5, May 12, 1998.
  • Channel 7, May 11, 12, 1998.
  • WFLD-TV, Fox, May 12, 1998.
  • CLTV, May 11, 1998 — 24 hour cable news station, segment reported.
  • ECHO, May 10, 1998.
  • WLS-TV, ABC.

Radio Coverage

  • "Odyssey," WBEZ, May 28, 1998.
  • WMAQ, May 28, 1998.
  • WBBM, May 28, 1998.
  • IL Radio Network (feeds to more than 40 radio stations in Illinois), May 28, 1998.

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Report prepared by: Paul Mantell
Reviewed by: David Kales
Reviewed by: Richard Camer
Program Officer: Joan Hollendonner

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