December 1998

Grant Results

SUMMARY

The Florida Commission on Aging with Dignity, a privately funded nonprofit in Tallahassee, Fla., held a series of five community forums in Florida in 1996 and 1997 on a variety of aging and end-of-life issues.

Key Results

  • The forums examined how health and long-term care services could be structured and managed to safeguard the dignity of people as they age and approach death. Forum topics included:
    • The aging of the U.S. population and its implications for Florida.
    • Medicaid and its role in safeguarding the elderly poor.
    • Long-term care insurance and other financial planning issues for aging adults.
    • Barriers to discussing death and dying, compassionate care, and assisted suicide.
    • At the fifth forum, Florida's governor, state supreme court justice, and their wives signed copies of "Five Wishes," an advance directive created by the project to help people discuss and make their wishes known about end-of-life care.
  • The project launched the Five Wishes advance directive campaign. The initiative produced a brochure that walks people through the steps of writing down how they would like to be cared for in the event of a serious illness or injury.
  • The Five Wishes advance directive is available online.

Funding
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) supported the effort with a grant of $398,690, which took place between June 1996 and November 1997.

 See Grant Detail & Contact Information
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THE PROBLEM

In 1995, the state-appointed Florida Commission on Long-Term Care issued a report that proposed to move Florida's elderly and disabled populations into an integrated system of managed care.

The report recognized that fundamental ethical issues existed that, without a thorough airing, would jeopardize any future system. A public discussion of the general issues of aging and dying and some of the commission's specific recommendations could provide valuable direction to those responsible for structuring a new system.

The Foundation viewed the use of community forums in the current project as a potential model for mobilizing discussion and debate of End-of-Life issues. The proposed project shared the strategies of the Foundation's grants in its Last Acts program, which seeks to increase awareness of improvements needed in End-of-Life care. In addition, the issues raised were expected to complement those highlighted by SUPPORT (Study to Understand Prognoses and Preferences for Outcomes and Risks of Treatments), a Foundation-funded study of End-of-Life care.

Project 2010, as the current project was called, was to be conducted by the Florida Commission on Aging with Dignity, a privately funded, nonprofit organization. H. James Towey, principal investigator and commission executive director, was former Secretary of Florida's Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services and had substantial experience in health and social services, hospice care, and working with the religious community on the issues of death and dying.

Other Funding

The project also secured funds from the Claude Pepper Foundation ($85,000) and the Harry and Jeanette Weinberg Foundation ($75,000).

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THE PROJECT

The project organized a series of five public forums held in Florida that involved leaders from government, private industry, the health and long-term care community, and the religious community. The forums had three purposes:

  1. To develop greater public awareness of the social and ethical issues surrounding aging and dying.
  2. To engage the people of Florida in the debate over how to devise a new system of health care and long-term care that maintains the dignity of elderly and disabled citizens.
  3. To identify potential policy areas in the state that will address the concerns raised by the forum and will safeguard the dignity of elderly and disabled citizens.

The commission convened an advisory committee of high-level leaders in religion, business, the community, and government, including then-governor Lawton Chiles, to participate in the forums. (For a complete roster of committee members, see the Appendix.)

Several months into the project, the US Supreme Court and the Florida Supreme Court both agreed to hear cases on the constitutionality of assisted suicide. These developments initially threatened to overshadow the forums' focus on palliative care and other End-of-Life concerns. In the end, however, the visibility of the assisted-suicide issue heightened public interest in discussions of End-of-Life care.

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RESULTS

  • The project conducted five forums throughout the state on a variety of aging and End-of-Life issues. Forum topics included:
    1. The aging of the US population and its implications for Florida.
    2. Medicaid and its role in safeguarding the elderly poor.
    3. Long-term care insurance and other financial planning issues for aging adults.
    4. Barriers to discussing death and dying, compassionate care, and assisted suicide.

    At the fifth forum, Florida's governor, state supreme court justice, and their wives signed copies of "Five Wishes," an advance directive created by the project to help people discuss and make their wishes known about end-of-life care.
  • The project launched the Five Wishes advance directive campaign. The initiative produced a brochure that walks people through the steps of writing down how they would like to be cared for in the event of a serious illness or injury. The document contains a living will and a place to designate a health care surrogate. The brochure allows people to specify:
    1. The kind of medical treatment they want or don't want.
    2. How comfortable they want to be.
    3. How they want people to treat them.
    4. What they want their loved ones to know.
    5. Who they want to make health care decisions for them when they cannot.

The original proposal for the project envisioned that the fifth forum would be devoted to identifying policy areas that would respond to concerns raised in the other forums. With Foundation approval, the project instead used the fifth forum to promote the Five Wishes campaign. The director found that it was difficult to sustain public interest in the issue during the time between the forums. To maintain awareness of the project, he conducted local forums in Jacksonville and Boca Raton and gave talks about the Five Wishes campaign.

Communications

The project was featured in numerous national publications and media outlets including The New York Times, The Christian Science Monitor, Associated Press, CNN, and National Public Radio. In addition, more than 100 articles and 40 newscasts about the project appeared in state and local newspapers and broadcast outlets.

The principal investigators authored opinion-editorial pieces that were featured in The Miami Herald, The Sun-Sentinel, The Orlando Sentinel, The Tampa Tribune, and The St. Petersburg Times. As of November 1997, the commission had received 49,119 requests from Florida residents for the Five Wishes document. National exposure led to 29,249 out-of-state requests. See the Bibliography for details.

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LESSONS LEARNED

  1. Providing the public with a concrete response can serve to underscore the issues raised during these forums. Attendees of the third forum received a financial planning "survival kit," for example. The final forum provided attendees with the Five Wishes advance directive, and "helpful hints" on how to discuss End-of-Life care.
  2. Don't overestimate the depth of the public's awareness of End-of-Life issues. The public has poorly formed background knowledge on the end of life and the message of similar forums may have to be simplified.
  3. Scheduling forums to maximize media coverage may limit public attendance. Attendance at the forums, scheduled during the regular workweek to maximize television and print coverage, typically had to be limited to 100 to 200 people.

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AFTER THE GRANT

The Commission on Aging with Dignity received a second grant from the Foundation (ID# 033397) to adapt and disseminate the Five Wishes document in 33 other states and the District of Columbia. The commission is continuing its forums, which are underwritten by corporate donations and other foundations. The principal investigator was appointed to Florida's statewide Panel for the Study of End-of-Life Care, which will study issues related to care provided to people at the end of life.

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GRANT DETAILS & CONTACT INFORMATION

Project

Public Education to Promote a Health and Long-Term Care System to Allow Aging with Dignity

Grantee

Commission on Aging with Dignity (Tallahassee,  FL)

  • Amount: $ 398,690
    Dates: June 1996 to November 1997
    ID#:  029110

Contact

H. James Towey
(850) 681-2010
jimtowey@aol.com

Web Site

http://www.agingwithdignity.org

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APPENDICES


Appendix 1

(Current as of the time of the grant; provided by the grantee organization; not verified by RWJF.)

Advisory Board Florida Commission on Aging with Dignity

Lawton Chiles (Chair)
Governor, State of Florida
Tallahassee, Fla.

Olivia Ahyoung
Mother & Baby Boomer
Tallahassee, Fla.

Jeb Bush
Chairman of the Foundation for Florida's Future
Miami, Fla.

Robert A. Butterworth
Attorney General
Tallahassee, Fla.

Josefina Carbonell
President, Little Havana Activity and Nutrition Center
Miami, Fla.

John Delaney
Mayor of Jacksonville, Fla.
Jacksonville, Fla.

Rev. John C. Favalora
Archbishop of Miami
Miami, Fla.

Bob Graham
US Senator, Florida
Miami Lakes, Fla.

Judge William Hoeveler
US Federal District Court
Coral Cables, Fla.

Patsy Kurth
State Senator
Melbourne, Fla.

David Lawrence, Jr.
Publisher and Chairman, The Miami Herald
Miami, Fla.

General Robert F. Milligan
Comptroller
Tallahassee, Fla.

Bill Nelson
Insurance Commissioner
Tallahassee, Fla.

Rev. Walter Richardson
Sweet Home Missionary Baptist Church
Perrine, Fla.

Rabbi Soloman Schiff
Greater Miami Jewish Federation
Miami, Fla.

Alvin E. Smith, M.D.
Florida Medical Association
Ormond Beach, Fla.

Donald C. Sullivan, M.D.
State Senator
St. Petersburg, Fla.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

(Current as of date of this report; as provided by grantee organization; not verified by RWJF; items not available from RWJF.)

Articles

Towey HJ. "Seniors, Too, Should Care for Medicare." The Miami Herald, October 6, 1996.

Towey HJ. "An Inspiration in Life, Nun Serenely Faces Death." Fort Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel, November 22, 1996.

Towey HJ. "Millionaires on Medicaid?" St. Petersburg Times, December 8, 1996.

Towey HJ. "Fieger Softens Speech in Florida; Will South Accept Assisted Suicide? Detroit Free Press, December 20, 1996; The Florida Catholic, January 16, 1997.

Towey HJ. "Better Alternatives to Assisted Suicide." The Miami Herald, February 16, 1997.

Towey HJ. "Boomers, Are You Ready for the Future?" The Orlando Sentinel, March 10, 1997.

Towey HJ. "To Be or Not to Be, That is the Question." Impact: The Quarterly Magazine of Florida Policy and Culture, 2(2): 22–24, Fall 1996. 200 copies disseminated to December 1997.

Brochures and Fact Sheets

"In the Aging of America, Florida is at 'Ground Zero.' What Can You Do to Prepare?" Commission on Aging with Dignity, 1996.

"Commission on Aging with Dignity." Commission on Aging with Dignity, 1997.

"Aging with Dignity: Five Wishes," Commission on Aging with Dignity, 1997.

Sponsored Conferences

"Project 2010 Forum: The Aging of America," September 12, 1996, Tallahassee, Fla.

"Project 2010 Forum: The Medicaid Program," December 12, 1996, Tampa, Fla.

"Project 2010 Forum: Long-Term Care and Other Financial Planning," March 14, 1997 in Orlando, Fla.

"Project 2010 Forum: Assisted Suicide," June 5, 1997 in Tampa, Fla.

"Project 2010 Forum: Five Wishes Advance Directive," November 19, 1997 in Tampa, Fla.

"Five Wishes," July 9, 1997, Miami, Fla. Attended by 29 people from the Alliance for Aging.

"Five Wishes," July 17, 1997, Miami, Fla. Attended by 35 people from the Coalition on Aging.

"Five Wishes," July 30, 1997, Miami, Fla. Attended by 11 residents of St. Mary's Towers.

"Five Wishes," July 31, 1997, Miami, Fla. Attended by 45 residents of Archbishop McCarthy Catholic Housing.

"Five Wishes," August 4, 1997, Miami, Fla. Attended by 13 residents of Stella Maris Catholic Housing.

"Five Wishes," August 7, 1997, Coconut Grove, Fla. Attended by 30 members of the Senior Management Group of the Department of Family Services.

"Five Wishes," August 13, 1997, Miami Lakes, Fla. Attended by nine members of the "Wills on Wheels" group.

"Five Wishes," August 15, 1997, Miami Beach, Fla. Attended by six residents of Marion Towers, Catholic Housing.

"Five Wishes," August 20, 1997. Attended by 21 health care providers, Baptist Hospital.

"Five Wishes," August 26, 1997, Miami, Fla. Attended by 58 registered nurses as part of their program on advanced directives.

"Five Wishes," September 4, 1997, Coconut Grove, Fla. Attended by 88 members of the Coconut Grove Community Center.

"Five Wishes," September 8, 1997, Miami, Fla. Attended by 20 members of Women in Healthcare.

"Five Wishes," September 15, 1997, Miami, Fla. Attended by 21 members of Council South.

"Five Wishes," September 16, 1997, Miami, Fla. Attended by eight members of the Tri-County Hospice Nurses Association.

"Five Wishes," September 18, 1997, Pembroke Pines, Fla. Attended by 138 residents of senior community.

"Five Wishes," September 26, 1997, Miami, Fla. Attended by 104 people who were participating in a bioethics seminar as part of the annual meeting of the Florida Nurses Association.

"Five Wishes," October 2, 1997, Miami, Fla. Attended by 21 members of First Baptist Church.

"Five Wishes," October 7, 1997, Ft. Lauderdale, Fla. Attended by 70 residents of John Knox Village.

"Five Wishes," October 8, 1997. Attended by 25 social workers from Baptist Hospital SW.

"Five Wishes," October 20, 1997, Miami, Fla. Attended by 40 residents of the New Horizons elderly day care center.

"Five Wishes," October 28, 1997, Miami, Fla. Attended by 10 members of St. Mary's Parish.

"Five Wishes," October 29, 1997, Miami, Fla. Attended by employees of the Metro Dade Elderly Services.

"Five Wishes," November 4, 1997, Perrine, Fla. Attended by 53 members of the Perrine Cutler Ridge Rotary Club.

"Five Wishes," November 5, 1997, Miami, Fla. Attended by 31 residents of the Miami Beach Jewish Senior Center.

"Five Wishes," December 2, 1997, Miami Beach, Fla. Attended by 72 residents of the Four Freedoms Tower as part of the Jewish Vocational Services, Meals on Wheels Program.

"Five Wishes," December 5, 1997, Miami, Fla. Attended by 22 members of the Kendall Rotary Club.

"Five Wishes," December 12, 1997, Miami, Fla. Attended by 22 health care providers with United Healthcare.

James Towey. "Keeping the Faith in the Midst of a Catastrophe," at Disaster Preparedness and Response Conference, June 19, 1996, St. Petersburg, Fla.

James Towey. "Task Force on Assisted Self-Murder," at Florida Catholic Conference, November 4, 1996, Tampa, Fla.

James Towey. "The Future of Long Term Care in Florida," at Florida Life Care Residents Association Inc., November 7, 1996, Orlando, Fla.

James Towey. "If not assisted suicide, then what? Providing real solutions," at NCCB International Conference on Assisted Suicide, March 8, 1997, Washington, D.C.

James Towey. "Strategies for Communicating Palliative Care Precepts," at Last Acts Palliative Care Task Force, April 1997, Washington, D.C.

James Towey. "Responding to Crimes Involving Seniors: What Your Department Needs to Know," at University of Miami Law Enforcement Training Conference, May 1997, Miami, Fla.

James Towey. "Charting Pathways to Quality Care," at "Florida Health Care Association 1997 Annual Conference," July 1997, Boca Raton, Fla.

James Towey. "Five Wishes Living Will," at Alliance on Aging Conference, October 1997, Miami, Fla.

James Towey. "End-of-Life Care and the Ethics of Dying," at Hospice Northeast Seminar, November 1997, Jacksonville, Fla.

James Towey. Keynote, Annual Christian Leadership Prayer Breakfast, Miami, Fla., November 1996.

James Towey. Keynote, "Health Care in Tallahassee," at Leadership Tallahassee, Fla., December 1996.

James Towey. Keynote, Rotary Club, Miami, Fla., January 1997.

James Towey. Keynote, Florida Health Care Association, Tallahassee, Fla., February 1997.

James Towey. Speech, NCCB International Conference on Assisted Suicide, Washington, D.C., March 1997.

Towey H.J. Speech, Florida Student Leadership Forum on Faith and Values, Tallahassee, Fla., March 1997.

James Towey. Speech, Duval County Council on Elder Affairs, Jacksonville, Fla., April 1997.

James Towey. Speech, Rotary Club, Tallahassee, Fla., April 1997.

James Towey. Speech, "Physician Assisted Suicide," at the Congregational Church, Coral Gables, Fla., May 1997.

James Towey. Keynote, Princes Martha Retirement Living, St. Petersburg, Fla., August 1997.

James Towey. Keynote, Rotary Club, St. Petersburg, Fla., September 1997.

James Towey. Keynote, Guardian Association of Pinellas County, Inc. Expo '97, St. Petersburg, Fla., September 1997.

James Towey. Speech, John Knox Village, Pompano Beach, Fla., October 1997.

James Towey. Speech, Greater Pompano Beach Chamber of Commerce, Pompano Beach, Fla., October 1997.

James Towey. Speech, Florida State University Course on Death and Dying, Tallahassee, Fla., October 1997.

James Towey. Keynote, Respect Life Meeting, Jacksonville, Fla., October 1997.

Towey, HJ. Speech, Hurley Manor Apartments, Jacksonville, Fla., November 1997.

Towey, HJ. Speech, Keynote. Christians in Law Luncheon, Tallahassee, Fla., December 1997.

Towey, HJ. Speech, Golden Pond Assisted Living Residence, Bradenton, Fla., December 1997.

Towey, HJ. Speech, Edison Community College, Course on Human Growth and Development, Punta Gorda, Fla., December 1997.

World Wide Web Sites

www.agingwithdignity.org. The Commission on Aging with Dignity's Web site. Started in January 1998.

News Conferences

Press Conference: Project 2010 Forums, Tallahassee, Fla., May 28, 1996. Attended by 25 journalists.

Press Conference: Third Path Alternative to Assisted Suicide, Tallahassee, Fla., December 4, 1996. Attended by 15 journalists.

Press Conference: Third Path Pilot Program in Dade and Broward County, Miami, Fla., January 1997. Attended by 15 journalists.

Press Conference: Launching of COMPASSION: campaign opposing assisted suicide, Tallahassee, Fla., May 5, 1997. Attended by 15 journalists.

Press Conference: Announcement of Five Wishes Living Will, Tallahassee, Fla., July 24, 1997. Attended by 20 journalists.

Press Conference: Excellence in Aging with Dignity Awards/Tobacco Funds for Elder Care, Tallahassee, Fla., November 13, 1997. Attended by 15 journalists.

Press Kits and News Releases

A news release on the Project 2010 Forum in Tallahassee was distributed on September 12, 1996 to 30 newspapers, and radio and television stations statewide.

A news release on the Project 2010 community event in Jacksonville was distributed on October 21, 1996 to newspapers, and radio and television stations in the Jacksonville area.

A news release on the Project 2010 community event in Boca Raton was distributed on November 8, 1996 to newspapers, and radio and television stations in the Boca Raton area.

A news release on the Project 2010 forum in Tampa was distributed on December 12, 1996 to newspapers, and radio and television stations in the Tampa area.

A news release on the Project 2010 forum in Orlando was distributed on March 14, 1997 to newspapers, and radio and television stations in the Orlando area.

A news release on the Project 2010 forum in Miami was distributed on June 5, 1997 to newspapers, and radio and television stations in the Miami area.

A news release on the US Supreme Court ruling on assisted suicide was distributed on June 26, 1997 to newspapers and television stations in Florida.

A news release on the Five Wishes Living Will Campaign was distributed on July 24, 1997 to newspapers and television stations in Florida.

A news release on the Excellence in Aging with Dignity Awards was distributed on November 13, 1997 to newspapers and television stations in Florida.

A news release on the fifth Project 2010 forum in Tallahassee was distributed on November 19, 1997 to newspapers and television stations in Florida.

Print Coverage

"Group to focus on problems of getting old in 21st Century," The Miami Herald, May 30, 1996.

"Panel to deal with aging of baby boomers," The St. Petersburg Times, May 30, 1996.

"Towey warns of coming needs of elders," The Tampa Tribune, May 30, 1996.

"Former HRS Secretary initiates aging study," The Times-Union, May 30, 1996.

"Towey says families must step forward for elderly," The Tampa Tribune, June 1996.

"Towey returns to town with a new mission," The Tampa Tribune, June 1, 1996.

"State tackles elderly issue," The Orlando Sentinel, June 2, 1996.

"Warning of the coming age storm," The Palm Beach Post, June 9, 1996.

"Tackling problems of the elderly," The Tampa Tribune, June 23, 1996.

"For Jim Towey, it's never say die," The St. Petersburg Times, July 14, 1996.

"Towey helping Florida age with grace and dignity," The Florida Catholic, July 25, 1996.

"Florida Is Leading the Way In a Big Generational Shift," The New York Times, August 7, 1996.

"Scheduled forums to focus on elderly," The Ft. Myers News-Press, September 12, 1996.

"State group explores issues of elderly," The Pensacola News Journal, September 12, 1996.

"Study: Are Floridians ready for future?" The Miami Herald, September 13, 1996.

"Boomers in denial on aging, panel told," The St. Petersburg Times, September 13, 1996.

"For boomers, retirement may be a bust," The Orlando Sentinel, September 13, 1996.

"Aging group takes swat at AARP," The Tampa Tribune, September 13, 1996.

"Public not facing facts on federal spending?" The Times Union, September 13, 1996.

"Baby Boomers Urged: Prepare for future," The Ft. Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel, September 13, 1996.

"Change Medicare before deficits wreck economy, panel warned," The Pensacola News Journal, September 13, 1996.

"Caregivers program 'solution' for elderly," Ft. Myers News-Press, September 13, 1996.

"Project 2010 A.D. holds first forum on aging," The Tallahassee Democrat, September 13, 1996.

"Sounding alarms on entitlements," The St. Petersburg Times, September 18, 1996.

"Aging World, New Wrinkles," The St. Petersburg Times, September 29, 1996.

"City facing high elderly population," Florida Times-Union, October 22, 1996.

"Towey applies missionary's zeal to problems of aging," The Florida State Times, November 1996.

"Florida Leads States in Efforts to Provide More Elder Care," Christian Science Monitor, November 4, 1996.

"Hospice care lets patients die with dignity, not pain," The Palm Beach Post, November 20, 1996.

"Assisted-suicide opponent advocates 'the third path,'" The Ft. Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel, November 20, 1996.

"Death with dignity," The Boca Raton News, November 20, 1996.

"Hospice care lifts spirits at end of life," The Palm Beach Post, November 20, 1996.

"A choice besides death or suffering," The Ft. Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel, November 26, 1996.

"Health groups decry uncaring system," The Tampa Tribune, December 4, 1996.

"Path between suicide, pointless life sought," The St. Petersburg Times, December 4, 1996.

"Suicide alternative," Orlando Sentinel, December 4, 1996.

"Assisted suicides targeted in Florida," The Ft. Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel, December 4, 1996.

"Pain, death and true compassion," The Tampa Tribune, December 7, 1996.

"Stay out of Florida, commission director tells Jack Kevorkian," The Florida Catholic, December 12, 1996.

"Senior Citizens advocates emphasize alternatives to assisted suicide," The Florida Catholic, December 12, 1996.

"Meeting targets Medicaid eligibility," The St. Petersburg Times, December 13, 1996.

"Medicaid bog gets deeper," The Tampa Tribune, December 17, 1996.

"State's aging population poses special challenge," Florida Today, December 29, 1996.

"Florida group lists options for gravely ill," The Miami Herald, January 10, 1997.

"It's wrong for doctors to help kill," The Miami Herald, January 15, 1997.

"A Right to Die: Doctor can aid patient with AIDS," The Ft. Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel, February 2, 1997.

"Assisted suicide ruling gives new legal life to a national movement," The Miami Herald. February 2, 1997.

"Lawmakers not eager to deal with assisted suicide," The Tampa Tribune, February 4, 1997.

"Lesser charge urged for physician," The Tampa Tribune, February 13, 1997.

"When the dying don't get the facts about their fate," The Miami Herald, February 26, 1997.

"Hospitals Face Growing Pressure on Right-to-Die Issues," The Health Care Marketing Report, March 1997.

"Survival of the boomers," The Orlando Sentinel, March 12, 1997.

"Aging Group Tells Boomers to Not Rely on Medicaid for Nursing Home Care," Older Americans Report, March 21, 1997.

"Improving the process of dying," Tampa Tribune-Times, March 30, 1997.

"Bill would prohibit suicide funds," Ft. Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel, April 10, 1997.

"Commission on Aging with Dignity sponsors forum on assisted suicide," The Medical Business, May 6, 1997.

"Assisted death case slated for hearing," The Tampa Tribune, May 7, 1997.

"Assisted suicide foes gear up for debate," The Orlando Sentinel, May 7, 1997.

"Foes of Assisted suicide mobilize," The St. Petersburg Times, May 7, 1997.

"Group launches drive against assisted suicide," The Ft. Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel, May 7, 1997.

"Assisted suicide lands in top state court," The Ft. Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel, May 8, 1997.

"Justices struggle with Hall right-to-die plea," The Palm Beach Post, May 9, 1997.

"Plea to state: Why not let me die in peace?" The Orlando Sentinel, May 9, 1997.

"Why not just let me die in peace?" The Tampa Tribune, May 9, 1997.

"Justices weigh right-to-die case," The St. Petersburg Times, May 9, 1997.

"Assisted Suicide Decision Looms in Florida," New York Times, July 9, 1997.

"Florida high court rules: no assisted suicide," The St. Petersburg Times, July 18, 1997.

"Assisted suicide isn't a right, court decides," The Tampa Tribune, July 18, 1997.

"Assisted suicide banned," The Gainesville Sun, July 18, 1997.

"State court rejects assisted suicide," The Miami Herald, July 18, 1997.

"Ruling douses assisted suicide firestorm," The Florida Catholic, July 24, 1997.

"Living will gets personal," The Ft. Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel, July 24, 1997.

"'Living will with a heart' now available," The Miami Herald, July 24, 1997.

"Commission develops document that gets to heart of living wills," Associated Press, July 25, 1997.

"Wishes for a simpler living will come true," The St. Petersburg Times, July 25, 1997.

"'Five Wishes' living will kits designed to offer peace of mind," The Palm Beach Post, July 25, 1997.

"Chileses' embrace living will; many respond," The Miami Herald, July 25, 1997.

"Hotline for will makes busy debut," The Ft. Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel, July 26, 1997.

"A Kinder, Gentler Living Will," The Lakeland Ledger, July 31, 1997.

"Hundreds daily seek living will document," Associated Press, August 7, 1997.

"A living will with a 'heart and soul,'" The Florida Catholic, August 7, 1997.

"Living will becoming popular option," The Boca Raton News, August 7, 1997.

"Making wishes known," The Orlando Sentinel, August 9, 1997.

"Dying on our own terms," The St. Petersburg Times, August 12, 1997.

"Five wishes explained in new will," The Tampa Tribune, August 12, 1997.

"Dying, dignity and the 'Five Wishes'" The Tampa Tribune, August 18, 1997.

"Comfort of dying patients sought," The Tampa Tribune, September 23, 1997.

"Groups urge state to ease suffering of terminally ill," The Miami Herald, September 24, 1997.

"Taking a clear-eyed look at death," The Tampa Tribune, September 28, 1997.

"Pain-filled debate lingers," The Tampa Tribune, September 30, 1997.

"New Five Wishes living will gives choices to the dying," Florida Today, October 12, 1997.

"Debate continues on assisted suicide," Pacific Stars and Stripes, October 15, 1997.

"Murder-suicide was an act of love, close friend says," The Tampa Tribune, October 26, 1997.

"Update on care for the dying: Gains despite many hurdles," The Philadelphia Inquirer, November 5, 1997.

"Governor: End-of-Life issues should be fare for family holidays," The Ft. Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel, November 4, 1997.

"Debate continues on assisted suicide," The Tampa Tribune, November 6, 1997.

"Tallahassee holidays: turkeys and Livings Wills," The Ft. Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel, November 6, 1997.

"Relief sought for caregivers," Associated Press, November 14, 1997.

"Devotion to mother wins award, The Florida-Times Union, November 17, 1997.

"Hold fire on requests for settlement money," The Palm Beach Post, November 19, 1997.

"Chiles, justice sign living wills with their wives," Associated Press, November 20, 1997.

"Chiles and first lady sign — and urge — living wills," The Palm Beach Post, November 20, 1997.

"Five Wishes for governor," The Miami Herald, November 20, 1997.

"The Living Will," The Palm Beach Post, November 24, 1997.

"Elder Affairs Secretary Launches Campaign to Stem Retiree Flood," The Wall Street Journal, December 10, 1997.

Mass Media

Note: Because the Commission did not have grant resources to monitor project coverage in the electronic media, the following is only a partial list and was compiled from local notices to the Commission.

  • Florida Radio Network, Tallahassee, September 11, 1996.
  • WTXL-TV, Tallahassee, September 12, 1996.
  • WCTV-TV, Tallahassee, September 12, 1996.
  • All Things Considered, National Public Radio, Washington, D.C., September 13, 1996.
  • WFSU-TV, Tallahassee, September 17, 1996.
  • WBZE-FM, Tallahassee, September 17, 1996.
  • WIIU-FM, St. Petersburg, September 17, 1996.
  • WAXY-AM, Miami, September 25, 1996.
  • WJXT-TV, Jacksonville, October 21, 1996.
  • WPTV-TV, West Palm Beach, November 6, 1996.
  • WPLG-TV, Miami, November 18, 1996.
  • WJNO-FM, West Palm Beach, November 18, 1996.
  • WTSP-TV, Tampa, December 3, 1996.
  • WMNF-FM, Tampa, December 11, 1996.
  • WFTS-TV, Tampa, December 12, 1996.
  • Florida Public Radio, Tallahassee, December 13, 1996.
  • WCTV-TV, Tallahassee, December 13, 1996.
  • WLTV-TV, Miami, January 9, 1997.
  • WINZ-AM, Miami, January 9, 1997.
  • WTKS-FM, Orlando, February 17, 1997.
  • WFTV-TV, Orlando, March 14, 1997.
  • WCTV-TV, Tallahassee, May 6, 1997.
  • WTWC-TV, Tallahassee, May 6, 1997.
  • WTXL-TV, Tallahassee, May 6, 1997.
  • WTVJ-TV, Miami, May 6, 1997.
  • WSCV-TV, Miami, May 6, 1997.
  • WPBF-TV, West Palm Beach, May 8, 1997.
  • WFTV-TV, Orlando, May 8, 1997.
  • WBVM-FM, Tampa, May 23, 1997.
  • WLMS-AM, Tampa, May 23, 1997.
  • WLPG-TV, Miami, May 28, 1997.
  • WFOR-TV, Miami, May 28, 1997.
  • WTVJ-TV, Miami, June 5, 1997.
  • Florida Radio Network, Tallahassee, June 26, 1997.
  • Florida News Network, Tallahassee, July 24, 1997.
  • Capitol News Services, Tallahassee, July 24, 1997.
  • WCTV-TV, Tallahassee, July 24, 1997.
  • "Today Show," WNBC-TV, New York, NY, August 14, 1997.
  • WFLA-TV, Tampa, September 4, 1997.
  • WTSP-TV, St. Petersburg, September 4, 1997.
  • Florida Public Radio, Tallahassee, November 13, 1997.
  • Capitol News Services, Tallahassee, November 13, 1997.
  • WTWC-TV, Tallahassee, November 13, 1997.
  • Florida News Network, Tallahassee, November 19, 1997.
  • Capitol News Service, Tallahassee, November 19, 1997.
  • Conus Communications, Tallahassee, November 19, 1997.
  • WTWC-TV, Tallahassee, November 19, 1997.

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Report prepared by: Susan G. Parker
Reviewed by: Richard Camer
Reviewed by: Marian Bass
Program Officer: Nancy Barrand
Program Officer: Victoria D. Weisfeld