A Nurse-Led, Community-Based Diabetes Prevention Program

Research briefs from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) Nursing Research Network identify specific ways nurses affect patient care quality and outcomes. Since 2005, the Interdisciplinary Nursing Quality Research Initiative (INQRI) program has supported interdisciplinary teams that involved nursing scholars and scholars from other disciplines in research projects—from the conceptual study design to the adoption in practice of new measures of standards of care.

This brief evaluates a diabetes prevention program (DPP) provided by home care nurses to public housing residents at risk for type 2 diabetes, compared to an enhanced standard care control group.

Key Findings

  • Public housing residents identified portion control, eating fried foods, and having food at all social events as challenges to healthy eating.

  • Nurses identified the need for flexible content and timing of classes, as well as group-based classes with a family focus and opportunities for interaction, and socialization.

  • Compared to the control group, intervention group residents showed significant improvements in healthy eating, physical activity, stress, depressive symptoms, and triglyceride levels.

  • There was no difference between groups on other clinical, behavioral, or psychosocial outcomes.

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