A small strategic investment in disease prevention can result in significant savings in U.S. health care costs. Implementing community-based interventions, which do not require medical care, could yield net savings of more than $2.8 billion in one to two years—meaning that the country could recoup nearly $1 over the cost of the program for every $1 invested.
Dates of Program: 2002–2012
Field of Work: Public health advocacy
Problem Synopsis: Although the United States spends more than $2 trillion annually on health care, tens of millions of Americans suffer from preventable diseases like type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and some forms of cancer. In addition, federal, state, and local public health agencies may be unprepared to respond to health emergencies, including bioterrorism, natural disasters, and emerging infectious diseases.
Modernizing the chronically underfunded and outdated public health infrastructure is essential to protect the public and control skyrocketing health care costs.
Synopsis of the Work: TFAH built a coalition of partners to advocate for a revitalized public health system and make recommendations on how it should be structured, funded, staffed and held accountable. Project staff convened consensus-building forums, provided information and technical assistance, crafted recommendations for prevention-related policies, and produced and disseminated strategic policy reports to federal, state, and local policy-makers, the media, and the general public.
The advocacy efforts of TFAH and its partners helped inform the health care reform debate. The 2008 consensus document, Blueprint for a Healthier America, recommended a stable and reliable funding stream for public health, community-based prevention activities, a national prevention strategy, and other policy approaches that were incorporated into the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.
TFAH and RWJF work in close partnership, and many TFAH reports are co-branded and featured on the RWJF website.
- In 2006 and 2007, TFAH built consensus around an agenda for modernizing the public health system and created a framework for subsequent improvements. Over 140 organizations endorsed Our Vision for a Healthier America, which called for transforming the U.S. health care system from a “sick care” system to one focused on prevention and wellness.
- In October 2008, TFAH released Blueprint for a Healthier America with specific recommendations for improving the public health infrastructure.
- TFAH documented the business case for prevention in the 2008 report, Prevention for a Healthier America and communicated that message to policy-makers. The report, which was widely cited by policy-makers, showed that a small strategic investment in disease prevention can result in significant savings in U.S. health care costs.
- TFAH reports and associated advocacy efforts helped inform health care reform legislation. Recommendations from the Blueprint and other reports were ultimately incorporated into the 2010 Affordable Care Act, including creation of the Prevention and Public Health Fund. Since the fund was created, $2.25 billion has been appropriated for prevention-related programs over three years.
- Following passage of the Affordable Care Act, TFAH and a diverse coalition of some 770 partners from public health, philanthropy, business, faith-based organizations, education, and other sectors have advocated for its effective implementation and the protection of key provisions, including the Prevention and Public Health Fund.
- TFAH published and disseminated reports to educate policy-makers, the media, and the public about key public health issues such as emergency preparedness, injury prevention, obesity, and the flu endemic. Every TFAH report is delivered to all members of Congress and follow-up one-on-one meetings are held to discuss policy recommendations.
"The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act includes the ingredients needed to ensure we get the returns that prevention offers, including a focused national prevention strategy, a reliable public health funding stream, and evidence-based programs that will be held accountable for improving health outcomes."—Jeffrey Levi, TFAH
Big savings in health care costs from investing in prevention helped create a $2.25 billion prevention fund in #ACA
- Advancing Public Health Practice and Policy Solutions
- The Prevention and Public Health Fund
- The Value of Prevention
- How the National Prevention Council Can Overcome Key Challenges and Improve Americans' Health
- Return on Investments in Public Health: Saving Lives and Money
- American Public Supports Investment in Prevention As Part of Health Care Reform: Solid Majorities Favor Prevention Proposals
- The Role of Prevention in Bending the Cost Curve
- The Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids
While the need to address disparities in care is well known, few strategies for reducing disparities have been studied systematically.
RWJF examines the types of competitive foods - foods and beverages schools offer outside of meal programs - available in our nation's school...
Recent studies have demonstrated a connection between low-socioeconomic status and poor health in children. This study builds upon previous ...
This study examined the impact that race has on the prevalence of self-reported diabetes for Hispanic and non-Hispanic people. Data from the...
In this article, the authors consider the social, structural and symbolic effects of the recent and rapid spread of legal gambling in the Un...
Immigrants and their children are one of the fastest growing components of the U.S. population. One in five Americans under the age of 18 is...
Most studies investigating links between social capital and health have relied on work by Robert Putnam who conceptualized social capital as...
The present article considered cardiovascular patients' adherence to physicians' medication recommendations. Nonadherence was defined as fol...
This study examined the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among children in the United States. Also of interest ...
The current article explored risk factors for iron deficiency for toddlers in the United States with a focus on Hispanic toddlers. Data from...
The research presented in this article compared the density and concentration of pro-tobacco media messages in African-American and White ma...
This article describes efforts to use information on influenza burden and vaccine efficacy to estimate how influenza vaccine recommendations...