Two measures of problem drinking among Mexican Americans in Texas City, Texas were studied examining the relationship of nativity and concentration of Hispanics living in the neighborhood.
A total of 1,435 Mexican Americans ages 25 years and older were analyzed on two measures: being a binge drinker (≥6 drinks for men, and ≥4 drinks for women, per episode of drinking) and scoring positive on the CAGE (a 4-item clinical measure). Additional independent variables were also collected. In particular, this study examined whether the percentage of Hispanics living in his/her neighborhood was associated with the participant’s alcohol consumption, and if nativity (being U.S. born versus being foreign born) played a factor.
- Women were significantly less likely to have drinking problems if they were non-U.S. born and if the neighborhood in which they resided had a heavy Hispanic concentration. Among men, this effect was not seen.
This analysis shows that future efforts aimed at reducing the level of alcohol consumption in Mexican-American women needs to focus on areas of low Hispanic concentration neighborhoods, while efforts for men should focus on all geographies, whether heavily populated by Hispanics or not.