Created as part of the 2005 Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) policy, Safe Routes to School (SRTS) provided $612 million to implement programs encouraging healthy opportunities to travel to school. This article examines the implementation of the program among states.
Using data from the Federal Highway Authority (FHWA), the authors collected data on state- and county-level federal SRTS program obligations for 2005 through 2009. Additionally, demography and geography information was collected to examine associations between factors and obligations.
- During fiscal years 2005-2009, more than $220 million was obligated to implement 2,298 SRTS projects.
- Obligations increased 246 percent between 2006 (the first full year of funding) and 2009.
- The proportion of administrative guidance objectives met by the state was directly associated with its obligation rate.
- States with child poverty rates above the national median had lower rates of successful obligation of funding, as compared to states with lower levels of child poverty.
The article argues that, while states are making progress in fund obligation, the program will have little effect on the health and physical activity of children if the funds do not reach the local level. Looking forward, tracking progress towards full implementation of the SRTS program is important.
- 1. The Impact of State Safe Routes to School-Related Laws on Active Travel to School Policies and Practices in U.S. Elementary Schools
- 2. Program Practices and Demographic Factors Associated with Federal Funding for the Safe Routes to School Program in the United States
- 3. Impact of a Pilot Walking School Bus Intervention on Children's Pedestrian Safety Behaviors
- 4. School Sport Policy and School-Based Physical Activity Environments and Their Association with Observed Physical Activity in Middle School Children
- 5. Impact and Cost-Effectiveness of Family Fitness Zones
- 6. A Study of Community Design, Greenness, and Physical Activity in Children Using Satellite, GPS and Accelerometer Data
- 7. Out and About
- 8. Neighborhood Factors Influence Physical Activity Among African American and Hispanic or Latina Women
- 9. Hispanic Maternal and Children's Perceptions of Neighborhood Safety Related to Walking and Cycling
- 10. Investigating the Impact of a Smart Growth Community on the Contexts of Children's Physical Activity Using Ecological Momentary Assessment
- 11. Page Avenue Health Impact Assessment
- 12. Exploring Walking Differences by Socioeconomic Status Using a Spatial Agent-Based Model