In a new era of health care in the U.S., medical sociologists will continue to examine inequalities in access to care and explore social causes of illness.
Since 1959, the Journal of Health and Social Behavior (JHSB) has pursued research into the social dimensions of health. JHSB presents a supplemental issue that reviews 50 years of contributions to sociological research of health and illness.
The 11 articles in this supplement cover the following topics: historical changes to the patient’s role within the health care system; the life-cycle of bioethical principles; the link between low socioeconomic status and poor health; negative mental health consequences of stress; the impact of social relationships on health; race and health; illness, its definition and cultural meaning; inequality in distribution of health services; how health care reform will utilize new technologies; and, the irrationality of the health system.
When JHSB released its first issue, Americans spent far less on health care; doctors were the central authority for diagnosing and treating patients; and there were few treatments for symptoms related to stroke, cancer or heart disease.
Today, patients navigate a complex health care system; physicians practice within a network of providers; medications allow people to manage chronic symptoms over the long-term; and new technologies abound.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 will insure millions of Americans. Legislation alone, however, will not offset the disadvantages of poverty. Disease and illness continue to disproportionately threaten racial and ethnic minorities. In reflecting on the last half-century, JHSB calls on medical sociologists to help implement and evaluate health care reform, so that more Americans have equal access to high quality, cost-effective treatment.
- 1. Reflections on Fifty Years of Medical Sociology
- 2. Understanding Racial-Ethnic Disparities in Health
- 3. Social Conditions as Fundamental Causes of Health Inequalities
- 4. Stress and Health
- 5. Social Relationships and Health
- 6. The Social Construction of Illness
- 7. Examining Critical Health Policy Issues Within and Beyond the Clinical Encounter
- 8. The Continued Social Transformation of the Medical Profession
- 9. Medical Sociology and Health Services Research
- 10. Medical Sociology and Technology
- 11. Bioethics, Raw and Cooked
- 12. Sociology of Health Care Reform
RWJF examines the types of competitive foods - foods and beverages schools offer outside of meal programs - available in our nation's school...
"The light at the end of the tunnel is ... that I carried the struggle further, and that I taught my children correctly, in the way they cho...
In 1990, Dr. Hotz's focus on collaboration led to the creation of another nonprofit organization designed to coordinate public and private h...
To Dr. Cheryl Holder, success lies in "…understanding the needs of my community and how to make solutions happen."
"I remember Ronald's smile and upbeat attitude about everything. No matter how despairing and hopeless I felt (I was clinically depressed) h...
To Dr. Arlene Goldsmith, anyone can become a leader, provided they are driven, have a personality that is open and engaging, and a passionat...
Whatever I learn from those experiences, I pass on to the people around me, so they don't have to go through what I went through in order to...
Since winning the award, Dr. Bonds has expanded her health-related educational programs, particularly through the increased use of technolog...
"Being a volunteer tests you, to see if you really can make a difference and if you really want to do it - because you do have to make sacri...
"Mr. Chatman will always be in my heart and mind. He taught me to love myself and others. He gave me a chance when no one else would."
The way Mr. Lynch looks at it, anyone can be a leader - with mentoring, training, and the right opportunity (the chance to make a living doi...