The potential for population health reform could be enhanced by assessing whether we have made the cost of policies and resources already available.

Opportunities to promote population health independent of major changes in resources or public authority include the following:

  • enforcing laws already in effect;
  • clarifying and updating the application of long-standing policies;
  • leveraging government’s and the private sector’s purchasing and investment clout;
  • facilitating access to programs by everyone who is eligible for them;
  • evaluating the effectiveness of population health programs, agencies and policies; and
  • intervening to stop agencies and policies from operating at cross-purposes.

Policy change and reallocation of public resources are essential to improve population health.