Researchers at the Center for Quality Growth and Regional Development (affiliated with the Georgia Tech Research Corporation), working with a community group, developed a health impact assessment (HIA) on the health impact on residents, workers and patients of an expansion of Piedmont Hospital, a major medical institution located in an Atlanta residential neighborhood. They used tools they had developed doing an HIA of an Atlanta Beltline transportation project (see Program Results on ID# 053546).
In addition, team members conducted a review of relevant peer-reviewed literature and case studies and incorporated findings from the Beltline health impact assessment. Topics reviewed and key conclusions include:
- Anchor Institutions.
- Access and Social Equity.
- Physical Activity.
- Safety from Injury.
- Safety from Crime.
- Social Capital.
- Environmental Quality.
Key Findings: The project team produced a report, Hospital and Community Health HIA: A Study of Localized Health Impacts of Hospitals (June 2008), which includes the following key findings:
- The population within the study area is on average wealthier and with better access to motorized transportation than average citizens in the city of Atlanta; it also has a smaller population belonging to minority ethnic groups. Within the study area, however, the most vulnerable populations (such as elderly people), live closest to Piedmont Hospital.
- The study area can be roughly divided into primarily residential and commercial areas. Piedmont Hospital employs more than 8,000 people, while the entire area employs approximately 11,900.
- The walkability audit found that many of the segments around Piedmont Hospital are not friendly to pedestrians or bicyclists, with broken or uneven sidewalks, little buffer between pedestrian and automotive traffic, and poor signage and lighting. Some 93 percent of the respondents to the survey said that from their home, it was possible to walk or bike to the grocery store, but more than 56 percent of them said they did so only a few times a year or never.
Recommendations: The report includes several recommendations for increasing opportunities for health and mitigating negative health impacts in the study area.
RWJF Scholar examines neighborhood-based death rates from opiate-based painkiller overdoses, compared with heroin overdose deaths.
Unengaged patients can incur costs of up to 21% higher than patients who are highly engaged in care. This suite of materials from RWJF's AF4...
This month the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health published a special issue of its magazine devoted to food.
RWJF Nurse Faculty Scholar Jennifer Bellot writes about losing her grandmother to complications from a medical error.
This revolutionary concept gives patients the tools they need improve their own health and health care by transforming the doctor-patient re...
Learn how The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation is dedicated to building a culture of health in Risa Lavizzo-Mourey's 2014 annual message.
The reconvened Commission to Build a Healthier America will provide new guidance in three key areas: early childhood, healthy communities, a...
Adverse working conditions contribute substantially to the risk of depression for working-age adults, according to new research from a team ...
CDC: Reducing High-risk Antibiotic Prescriptions Could Also Reduce Deadly Infections - Poorer Women Most Likely to Be Caught in ‘Vicious’ Ca...
Team members, grantees, and guests discuss breakthrough ideas that will allow us to move toward solving challenges in health care.
The RWJF DataHub tracks state-level data, and allows visitors to customize and visualize facts and figures.
Ronald A. Yee, MD, became chief medical officer of the NACHC last year. NewPublicHealth recently spoke with Yee about the mission of health ...