This introduction to a supplement in the Journal of Public Health Policy (JPHP ) recaps the 2008 Active Living Research Conference. The gathering of more than 300 professionals examined how better environments can encourage people, with a special emphasis on children, to be more active on a daily basis. The conference also looked at how research can be used to influence policy-making.
Active Living Research, a national program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, supports the study of policies and environments that encourage children to be more physically active during their daily routines. The focus is on children most at-risk for obesity, those living in low-income and ethnic/racial communities. Reflecting that "researchers and policy-makers work in parallel universes," the theme of the 2008 conference was "Connecting Active Living Research to Policy Solutions." The articles in this supplement were selected from those submitted to the conference.
- The JPHP supplement includes 13 papers on policy and environmental design, divided into three broad categories: transportation; schools and youth; and built and social environments. The supplement also includes a review of disparities in physical activity among U.S. teens and children; and four commentaries on using research to influence policy.
- The United States is far and away the leader in active living research, although study is under way in other countries. Obesity and physical inactivity are global problems; there is a great need for investigation beyond the United States to take into account country-specific cultural, climatic, and socioeconomic conditions.
- Doing rigorous research relevant to policy considerations and then effectively communicating findings will help research have an impact on policy-making.
Increased physical activity is good for health; and health organizations around the globe recommend creating environments that support physical activity in the course of people's everyday lives. The research papers presented in this supplement are examples of the kinds of rigorous, relevant research that can and should drive and inform policy.
- 1. Translating Research into Public Policy
- 2. Can We Achieve Evidence-Based Policy and Practice on Active Travel?
- 3. Where Different Worlds Collide
- 4. Factors Associated with Federal Transportation Funding for Local Pedestrian and Bicycle Programming and Facilities
- 5. Transit and Health: Mode of Transport, Employer-Sponsored Public Transit Pass Programs, and Physical Activity
- 6. Effect of Innovative Building Design on Physical Activity
- 7. Arkansas Act 1220 of 2003 to Reduce Childhood Obesity
- 8. Early Impact of the Federally Mandated Local Wellness Policy on Physical Activity in Rural, Low-Income Elementary Schools in Colorado
- 9. Preventing Childhood Obesity through State Policy
- 10. Correlates of Walking to School and Implications for Public Policies
- 11. Sociodemographic, Family, and Environmental Factors Associated with Active Commuting to School Among US Adolescents
- 12. Implementation of Texas Senate Bill 19 to Increase Physical Activity in Elementary Schools
- 13. Disparities in Urban Neighborhood Conditions
- 14. Disparities in Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviors Among US Children and Adolescents
While the need to address disparities in care is well known, few strategies for reducing disparities have been studied systematically.
RWJF examines the types of competitive foods - foods and beverages schools offer outside of meal programs - available in our nation's school...
Recent studies have demonstrated a connection between low-socioeconomic status and poor health in children. This study builds upon previous ...
This study examined the impact that race has on the prevalence of self-reported diabetes for Hispanic and non-Hispanic people. Data from the...
In this article, the authors consider the social, structural and symbolic effects of the recent and rapid spread of legal gambling in the Un...
Immigrants and their children are one of the fastest growing components of the U.S. population. One in five Americans under the age of 18 is...
Most studies investigating links between social capital and health have relied on work by Robert Putnam who conceptualized social capital as...
The present article considered cardiovascular patients' adherence to physicians' medication recommendations. Nonadherence was defined as fol...
This study examined the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among children in the United States. Also of interest ...
The current article explored risk factors for iron deficiency for toddlers in the United States with a focus on Hispanic toddlers. Data from...
The research presented in this article compared the density and concentration of pro-tobacco media messages in African-American and White ma...
This article describes efforts to use information on influenza burden and vaccine efficacy to estimate how influenza vaccine recommendations...