Starting in 2001, researchers at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia conducted the MOM Program to determine whether providing mothers with support could improve their children's development and behavior. The MOM Program, a five-year randomized controlled trial, started immediately postpartum with mothers in the hospital.
Mothers in the control group received a packet of information about child development and local programs for women and children. Mothers in the intervention group received the same information as well as regular home visits and reminder phone calls focused on preparing for upcoming pediatric care visits, the child's development and participation in early intervention services and Head Start.
Starting in 2006, researchers evaluated MOM Program effects on the children at age 5. The evaluation included 254 mothers and children (128 in the intervention group, who received support and 126 in the control group, who did not).
- Children in the intervention group were less aggressive physically than those in the control group.
- Twice as many children in the intervention group as in the control group enrolled in Head Start.
- The intervention had a significant impact on participation in early intervention services for 0- to 3-year-olds.