In 2002, confronted with an obesity epidemic affecting children and adolescents throughout the United States, Congress directed the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to research the problem and develop an action plan to address it.
On September 30, 2004, the IOM released Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance, an action plan with recommendations for ways that families, schools, industry, the media, communities and government could work together to address rising rates of obesity in children and youth.
On September 13, 2006, the institute published Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: How Do We Measure Up?, an assessment of progress in obesity prevention since 2004. The report calls on key stakeholders to take the lead in preventing childhood obesity, monitoring and evaluating all policies and programs and disseminating promising practices.
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