In 2005, researchers at the State Health Access Data Assistance Center (SHADAC) at the University of Minnesota, in collaboration with the Urban Institute, prepared a report, Going Without: America's Uninsured Children, analyzing how many children had health insurance coverage, and how coverage related to children's health status and their access to health care services.
- Some 8.4 million children lacked health insurance in 2004, but more than 70 percent of them appeared to be eligible for Medicaid or State Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) coverage.
- The number of uninsured children decreased by almost 2 million from 1998 to 2003, largely due to enrollment in Medicaid and CHIP.
- Minority children made the greatest gains in coverage, although they are still more likely to be uninsured than non-Hispanic white children.
- Compared to insured children, uninsured children were:
- More likely to go without any medical care.
- More likely to miss out on needed medical care.
- Less likely to have a personal doctor or nurse.