According to the U.S. Census Bureau, in 1999 more than 3.9 million children in America were being raised in homes maintained by one or more grandparent. Census 2000 data revealed that only about 6.4 percent of these children (250,000) had the benefit of the services and support that public agencies offer foster parents.
The Edgewood Center for Children and Families is a neighborhood family assistance and health center in San Francisco. In 1995, Edgewood created a "Kinship Support Network," a public/private collaboration to fill the gaps in public social services for kin caregivers — grandparents and other relatives who were caregivers — and the children for whom they cared. In 1997, the California legislature enacted a measure (AB 1193) to replicate Edgewood's kinship support network model in other California counties with many dependent children placed with kin caregivers. Seventeen counties qualified.
Through a grant that same year, Edgewood added a health team to its kinship support network services. When funding for the health team ended in 2000, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) provided an unsolicited grant for Edgewood to reestablish the health team and help create comparable health teams in the 17 counties.
- The Edgewood health team served 126 adult kin caregivers and 238 children through its own project and obtained funding to sustain this portion of the project — though at a reduced level — when the RWJF grant ended.
- Project staff developed a replicable health-team model for use by kinship support networks established throughout California. However, shortfalls in funding at potential replication projects, among other factors, limited implementation of health teams to one county in addition to San Francisco.
Questionnaires administered by project staff to 126 kin caregivers at Edgewood in 2001–2004 revealed the following:
- Most caregivers' children ranked significantly below national norms for comparable children on overall health, and significantly above national norms on disruption of routine family activities and limiting the personal time of caregivers. The children's health did not improve despite the health team's interventions during the program; their disruptive behavior grew worse.
- Most caregivers reported physical and mental health that ranked significantly below national norms for women ages 55–64. Many had chronic illnesses. Respondents' reported health did not improve during the program.
- Of 45 caregivers completing questionnaires at the start and the close of their participation in the project, most indicated significant reductions in the frequency of their need for socio-economic and tangible supports.
RWJF provided a grant of $1,099,549 from February 2001 to October 2004.
RWJF Scholar examines neighborhood-based death rates from opiate-based painkiller overdoses, compared with heroin overdose deaths.
Unengaged patients can incur costs of up to 21% higher than patients who are highly engaged in care. This suite of materials from RWJF's AF4...
This month the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health published a special issue of its magazine devoted to food.
The LEAP project identified 30 primary care practices that use health professionals and other staff in ways that maximize access to their se...
Learn how The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation is dedicated to building a culture of health in Risa Lavizzo-Mourey's 2014 annual message.
Adverse working conditions contribute substantially to the risk of depression for working-age adults, according to new research from a team ...
Team members, grantees, and guests discuss breakthrough ideas that will allow us to move toward solving challenges in health care.
The Health and Medical Care Archives at the University of Michigan's Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research is the of...
The RWJF DataHub tracks state-level data, and allows visitors to customize and visualize facts and figures.
The reconvened Commission to Build a Healthier America will provide new guidance in three key areas: early childhood, healthy communities, a...
List of most current annual reports.
A national conversation highlighting efforts to improve care transitions, reduce avoidable hospital readmissions, and lift overall quality o...