In 2001–02, the Employee Benefit Research Institute conducted a study of employer attitudes and practices concerning employer-sponsored health benefits and the uninsured.
The Employee Benefit Research Institute is a Washington-based organization that conducts research and education on economic security and employee benefits issues. Institute staff conducted a literature review, a Web-based survey that drew responses from 815 employers and four half-day focus group meetings with 48 employer representatives.
Major findings, published in an issue brief, Employer Attitudes and Practices Affecting Health Benefits and the Uninsured, included:
- Employers provide health benefits primarily to attract and retain the best workers possible and thereby maximize productivity.
- Many large employers still try to cover all or most of their full-time workers, but double-digit cost increases in recent years have prompted many to make changes.
- The fact that firms offer coverage as part of their competition for labor cuts both ways in its impact on aggregate health coverage levels.
- Some employers realize that passing along greater costs to workers may cause low-wage workers to forgo coverage.
- Employers typically do not think about the issue of providing coverage for more of the uninsured.
- Because employers themselves do not perceive covering the uninsured as a priority, business organizations representing them also do not focus on this issue.
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) provided a grant of $113,060 to conduct the study, as a step toward helping more employers offer coverage and to encourage employees to participate in employer-based plans.