Researchers from the Johns Hopkins University Institute for Policy Studies studied the housing arrangements nationally of disabled people living in the community.
They also examined outcomes associated with different types of dwellings, and impediments to making needed housing adjustments as well as the impact of the 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and enforcement laws on increasing housing modifications.
Data for the study came from the Census Bureau's 1995 American Housing Survey (AHS) Housing Modification Supplement sponsored by HUD.
The study used three sets of indicators for children, working-age adults and the elderly:
- housing characteristics
- neighborhood characteristics
- mediating characteristics, i.e., income, age, etc.
- Roughly 3 percent of those surveyed (the general population) had a housing-related disability (a disability that affects the individual's ability to use, or function in, their housing unit).
- Relative to the nondisabled, those with a housing-related disability are more likely to be poor and live in a neighborhood characterized by crime and low maintenance of housing stock.
The study produced four key findings about working-age adults:
- While the probability of an unmet need and the number of unmet needs decreases as income increases, the impact of every additional $1,000 of income is trivial.
- There is a strong relationship between physical housing deficiencies and unmet need for housing modifications.
- The strongest predictor of both unmet need and the presence of dwelling modifications is the number of housing-related disabilities.
- It is the match between disabling condition and modification, not simply the number of modifications, that is essential for healthful residence in the community. Between 1978 and 1995, there was a significant increase in housing modifications and a decrease in unmet need for modifications, possibly a result of the ADA and enforcement laws.
- The study resulted in a 68-page report entitled The Living Conditions of America's Disabled.
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) provided $50,000 as partial funding for the project, which ran from 1996 to early 2001.
RWJF examines the types of competitive foods - foods and beverages schools offer outside of meal programs - available in our nation's school...
Recent studies have demonstrated a connection between low-socioeconomic status and poor health in children. This study builds upon previous ...
This study examined the impact that race has on the prevalence of self-reported diabetes for Hispanic and non-Hispanic people. Data from the...
In this article, the authors consider the social, structural and symbolic effects of the recent and rapid spread of legal gambling in the Un...
Immigrants and their children are one of the fastest growing components of the U.S. population. One in five Americans under the age of 18 is...
Most studies investigating links between social capital and health have relied on work by Robert Putnam who conceptualized social capital as...
The present article considered cardiovascular patients' adherence to physicians' medication recommendations. Nonadherence was defined as fol...
This study examined the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among children in the United States. Also of interest ...
The current article explored risk factors for iron deficiency for toddlers in the United States with a focus on Hispanic toddlers. Data from...
The research presented in this article compared the density and concentration of pro-tobacco media messages in African-American and White ma...
This article describes efforts to use information on influenza burden and vaccine efficacy to estimate how influenza vaccine recommendations...