From 1997 to 2000, researchers at the National Academy of Sciences' Institute of Medicine (IOM), in a study called "Health and Behavior: The Interplay of Biological, Behavioral, and Societal Influences," examined information developed over the last two decades about the links between behavior and health, the influence of social environment on behaviors, and interventions to improve health by modifying behavior or personal relationships.
Among the study's findings:
- Health and disease are determined by dynamic interactions among biological, psychological, behavioral, and social factors that occur over time.
- Psychosocial factors such as socioeconomic status, social inequalities, social networks and support, work conditions, depression, anger, and hostility interact with biological processes to influence health and disease.
- Changing behavior and sustaining that behavior change is more difficult than learning a new behavior.
- Behavior can most effectively be changed via interventions that target multiple factors, although maintaining a changed behavior over time is difficult.
- Individual behavior, family interactions, relationships and resources in the community and workplace, and public policy all affect health and behavior change. Changing behavior and sustaining that behavior change is more difficult than learning a new behavior.
- Funding agencies support interdisciplinary research and intervention studies that integrate biological, psychological, behavioral, and social variables, and evaluations that extend over appropriate lengths of time.
- Research studies should include ways to clarify how social and psychological factors influence health and which interventions most effectively alter these factors in order to improve health.
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) supported this project through a grant of $450,000.
While the need to address disparities in care is well known, few strategies for reducing disparities have been studied systematically.
RWJF examines the types of competitive foods - foods and beverages schools offer outside of meal programs - available in our nation's school...
Progress and lessons learned from two programs that seek to advance the impact digital games can have on health.
Joint Commission Resources in Oak Brook Ill., oversaw development and testing of an online course and support materials to improve communica...
The rapid rise of antibiotic resistance can be tracked using ResistanceMap, an online tool that visually highlights regions of the country w...
Report examines, compares and contrasts Massachusetts and Utah health insurance exchanges.
Report examines issues states will face as they integrate Medicaid into the exchange.
This poll shows most Americans believe the quality of U.S. health care is average at best. More than half of American adults surveyed barely...
Want to improve health? Start with where we live, work, learn and play.
Health care reform may create incentives to spur the growth in HDHPs and CDHPs, a move that might help hold costs down?at least for a time.
The authors suggest repairing the health care system by realigning provider incentives, increasing the availability of information with whic...
While the ACA is aimed primarily at improving individual health by increasing access to health insurance, it also contains a number of provi...