Between 1996 and 2000, the National Public Health and Hospital Institute, Washington, and the New York Academy of Medicine, New York, developed and disseminated a report comparing the social health status of people living in the nation's 100 largest cities with those living in the surrounding suburbs.
It built upon a 1995 project (see Program Results on ID# 022724) profiling similar data for cities alone.
Researchers at the National Public Health and Hospital Institute published The Social and Health Landscape of Urban and Suburban America in 1999. The findings included:
- Population growth in suburbs surpassed growth in central cities, but cities have greater rates of increase in the proportion of the population that is very young.
- Many cities have reduced rates of tuberculosis, syphilis, and AIDS since the 1995 study.
- A significant association of child poverty and low birth weight with violence and minority female-headed households was found in cities but not in counties.
- Suburbs increasingly have the diversity of black, Hispanic, and foreign-born populations once attributed only to cities.
- Central cities generally led their counties in either reducing or holding steady violent crime rates.
- There was a significant drop in hospital discharges and a moderate decline in emergency room use in the 1990s for central city public hospitals, and a surge in discharges in for-profit hospitals in both cities and suburbs.
- Community health centers continued to focus on vulnerable populations, and local urban health departments offered a broad range of critical screening services.
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) supported the project with two grants totaling $654,606 between September 1996 and July 2000.
RWJF Scholar examines neighborhood-based death rates from opiate-based painkiller overdoses, compared with heroin overdose deaths.
Unengaged patients can incur costs of up to 21% higher than patients who are highly engaged in care. This suite of materials from RWJF's AF4...
This month the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health published a special issue of its magazine devoted to food.
The LEAP project identified 30 primary care practices that use health professionals and other staff in ways that maximize access to their se...
Adverse working conditions contribute substantially to the risk of depression for working-age adults, according to new research from a team ...
Learn how The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation is dedicated to building a culture of health in Risa Lavizzo-Mourey's 2014 annual message.
A national conversation highlighting efforts to improve care transitions, reduce avoidable hospital readmissions, and lift overall quality o...
Majority of Youth C. Difficile Infections Linked to Doctor Visits - Study: Even Slightly Elevated Blood Pressure Can Do Cardiovascular Damag...
Hilary Levey Friedman, author of Playing to Win: Raising Children in a Competitive Culture, writes about youth sports.
The Health and Medical Care Archives at the University of Michigan's Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research is the of...
RWJF Nurse Faculty Scholar Jennifer Bellot writes about losing her grandmother to complications from a medical error.
List of most current annual reports.