Researchers at the Metropolitan Research and Policy Institute, University of Texas, San Antonio, examined state surveys on Latino adolescent substance abuse and compared them with two national surveys conducted by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
The study offered:
- Methodological recommendations to improve state surveys.
- Described how nonparticipation in state surveys threatens their validity.
- Offered several substantive findings.
A final project report is available online.
- Substance-use surveys should identify race and Latino ethnicity of the subjects (e.g., Puerto Rican vs. Mexican) and should separate Latinos into a US-born group and an immigrant group.
- The failure to achieve adequate participation severely restricts the ability of researchers to generalize from survey findings.
- State surveys consistently report higher rates of substance use among adolescents than does the federal survey Monitoring the Future.
- Federal and state surveys yield differing rates of Latino adolescent drug use within the same state. The two federal surveys also yield differing national drug use rates for Latino adolescents.
- Within states, rates of Latino adolescent drug use generally are higher than among African Americans and slightly lower, equal to, or higher than among non-Hispanic whites.
- State surveys show that Latino adolescent drug use rates have increased in the 1990s (especially for marijuana) and have also increased relative to other ethnic groups.
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) supported this project with a grant of $129,884.
While the need to address disparities in care is well known, few strategies for reducing disparities have been studied systematically.
RWJF examines the types of competitive foods - foods and beverages schools offer outside of meal programs - available in our nation's school...
"The light at the end of the tunnel is ... that I carried the struggle further, and that I taught my children correctly, in the way they cho...
In 1990, Dr. Hotz's focus on collaboration led to the creation of another nonprofit organization designed to coordinate public and private h...
To Dr. Cheryl Holder, success lies in "…understanding the needs of my community and how to make solutions happen."
"I remember Ronald's smile and upbeat attitude about everything. No matter how despairing and hopeless I felt (I was clinically depressed) h...
To Dr. Arlene Goldsmith, anyone can become a leader, provided they are driven, have a personality that is open and engaging, and a passionat...
Whatever I learn from those experiences, I pass on to the people around me, so they don't have to go through what I went through in order to...
Since winning the award, Dr. Bonds has expanded her health-related educational programs, particularly through the increased use of technolog...
"Being a volunteer tests you, to see if you really can make a difference and if you really want to do it - because you do have to make sacri...
"Mr. Chatman will always be in my heart and mind. He taught me to love myself and others. He gave me a chance when no one else would."
The way Mr. Lynch looks at it, anyone can be a leader - with mentoring, training, and the right opportunity (the chance to make a living doi...