From 1995 to 1997, staff from the Alpha Center for Health Planning and the People-to-People Health Foundation (now called Project HOPE) sponsored a conference and published papers on the future financing of two critical health system functions in the United States — namely, uncompensated care for those without insurance and graduate medical education.
- Project staff from the Alpha Center for Health Planning organized a two-day conference entitled "What's Happening to the Safety Net? Recent Trends and Emerging Financing Options." Held on January 9–10, 1997, in Washington, the conference was attended by some 125 people.
- The July/August 1997 issue of Health Affairs focused on the topic "The Safety Net versus the Market: Is the Safety Net in Crisis?" The special issue included papers from the conference, articles commissioned by the journal, and other articles.
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) supported this project through two grants:
- $79,396 to the Academy for Health Services Research and Health Policy.
- $196,984 to the People-to-People Health Foundation.