Texas Senate Bill 530, passed in 2007, requires public schools to conduct annual fitness evaluations of students in grades 3 through 12.
The Texas Education Agency selected the FITNESSGRAM® battery, a test documented to be reliable and valid as its testing instrument. Teachers throughout the state received training on the instrument and administered it in their schools.
To investigate the reliability and validity of the data collected by teachers, researchers collected replicate data on a representative sample of schools using expertly trained mobile data collections teams. Schools were selected from grades 3, 5, 7 and 9 based on location (urban, suburban or rural), ethnicity composition, socioeconomic status, and previous year test scores on the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills. The data were collected within a week after teachers conducted the first test. Some teachers who received additional training also retested students, thus allowing comparison of teachers and trained teachers with expert testers.
Teachers’ measures of aerobic capacity and body composition were more in line with those of the expert testers than those for musculoskeletal fitness. Agreement between expert testers and teachers increased with added training. The authors conclude: “Teacher administered, criterion-referenced health-related physical fitness tests appear to be reliable and valid, and decision-makers can be confident of decisions based on such data.”
Special Supplement to Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport Presents Findings of Texas-Wide School-Based Fitness Testing
- 1. Overview of the Texas Youth Fitness Study
- 2. Distribution of Health-Related Physical Fitness in Texas Youth
- 3. The Association of Health-Related Fitness with Indicators of Academic Performance in Texas Schools
- 4. Reliability and Validity of the FITNESSGRAMÂ®
- 5. Statewide Physical Fitness Testing
- 6. A Survey of Physical Education Programs and Policies in Texas Schools
- 7. Physical Education and School Contextual Factors Relating to Students' Achievement and Cross-Grade Differences in Aerobic Fitness and Obesity
- 8. Psychosocial Variables Associated with Body Composition and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Middle School Students
- 9. Reflections on the Texas Youth Evaluation Project and Implications for the Future
- 10. Texas Youth Fitness Study