Food systems influence health and contribute to health disparities in the United States. Community factors such as access to supermarkets and famers’ markets, as well as broad social, economic and political forces, affect the food choices individuals make and can lead to disparities in health.
The authors use a new conceptual model to illustrate the complex dynamic and multifaceted relationships between food systems and health disparities. They present a review of the literature, organized according to the model’s framework:
The authors identify specific areas for further research on how food system interventions can address and reduce health disparities.