The objective of this study is to contribute new multinational findings on basic descriptive features of smoking and cessation, based upon standardized community surveys of adults residing in seven low-income and middle-income countries and 10 higher-income countries from all regions of the world.
Data were collected using standardized interviews and community probability sample survey methods conducted as part of the WHO World Mental Health Surveys Initiative. Demographic and socioeconomic correlates of smoking are studied using cross-tabulation and logistic regression approaches. Within-country sample weights were applied with variance estimation appropriate for complex sample survey designs.
The World Mental Health Surveys estimates complement existing global tobacco monitoring efforts. The observed global diversity of associations with smoking and smoking cessation underscore reasons for implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control provisions and prompt local adaptation of prevention and control interventions.