Commuting to Work

RN Travel Time to Employment in Rural and Urban Areas

When workers commute a long way to a job it costs them time and money and they may be less likely to remain at the job.

To determine how commuting time varies for registered nurses (RNs) in various settings these investigators examined two data sources: Census data on 105,000 RNs and a survey of newly licensed registered nurses (NLRNs).

They computed average communing times for RNs living in urban, suburban, small town and rural settings. For NLRNs they calculated the distance between their home and primary place of employment using zip codes.

For working RNs, the mean self-reported time to travel to work was 25 minutes, comparable to other professional workers and those in other health professions. RNs in small towns had the highest average commute time (25.9 minutes) and those in rural areas the shortest (24 minutes).

The majority of NLRNs resided in metropolitan areas (82.1%), with fewer in suburban (10.4%) and small town or rural areas (5.9%). The difference in travel time, however, was striking for NLRNs and ranged from 20.4 minutes (metropolitan) to 55 minutes (small town and rural).

In general, RNs in hospitals had longer commutes than those working in nursing homes and other settings.

The RN Work Project

  1. 1. Newly Licensed RNs' Characteristics, Work Attitudes, and Intentions to Work
  2. 2. Addressing the Complexities of Survey Research
  3. 3. A Comparison of Second-Degree Baccalaureate and Traditional-Baccalaureate New Graduate RNs
  4. 4. Understanding New Registered Nurses' Intent to Stay at Their Jobs
  5. 5. The Nursing Career Process from Application Through the First 2 Years of Employment
  6. 6. What Newly Licensed Registered Nurses Have to Say about Their First Experiences
  7. 7. Moving on, Up, or Out
  8. 8. Generational Differences Among Newly Licensed Registered Nurses
  9. 9. New Nurses Views of Quality Improvement Education
  10. 10. Newly Licensed RNs Describe What They Like Best about Being a Nurse
  11. 11. Early Career RNs' Perceptions of Quality Care in the Hospital Setting
  12. 12. Commuting to Work
  13. 13. State Mandatory Overtime Regulations and Newly Licensed Nurses' Mandatory and Voluntary Overtime and Total Work Hours
  14. 14. Work Environment Factors Other Than Staffing Associated with Nurses' Ratings of Patient Care Quality
  15. 15. The Relative Geographic Immobility of New Registered Nurses Calls for New Strategies to Augment that Workforce
  16. 16. Predictors of Actual Turnover in a National Sample of Newly Licensed Registered Nurses Employed in Hospitals
  17. 17. Charting the Course for Nurses' Achievement of Higher Education Levels
  18. 18. Verbal Abuse From Nurse Colleagues and Work Environment of Early Career Registered Nurses
  19. 19. Early-Career Registered Nurses' Participation in Hospital Quality Improvement Activities
  20. 20. Positive Work Environments of Early-Career Registered Nurses and the Correlation with Physician Verbal Abuse