Americans on average do not get the recommended amount of physical activity, but levels of fitness and activity are even lower among African Americans than for the general population. This review examined 43 studies reporting on interventions that successfully increased physical activity among African-American subjects. The studies were published between 1985 and 2006; 29 regarded adults and 14 regarded children. The authors summarize the setting, interventions, objectives, outcomes and results, and level of cultural adaptation for each of the studies.
This literature review of interventions that increased physical activity among African-American subjects found that differences in the methodologies of the studies limited the ability to make comparisons among them.
The authors also tested their hypotheses about what characteristics of the studies’ designs made a study more effective at identifying the factors that made an intervention more successful. In other words, they sought to determine how best to study whether an intervention actually succeeds at increasing fitness among African-Americans.
The authors recommend additional studies of fitness interventions in which the studies are larger and longer, and use more sophisticated methodology, such as randomized controlled trials and objective measures of physical activity.