The Diabetes Initiative, a national program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF), was a self-management initiative conducted in real-world settings for individuals with type 2 diabetes. This initiative aimed to assess the changes in physical activity over time of participants, and ascertain the factors influencing participation in physical activity.
This study examined the comprehensive model for diabetes self-management in a cohort of 622 largely lower-income and ethnic minority program participants. The study specifically looked at the increase of physical activity during participation in the clinical and community-based programs. Over an 8-month time period, researchers conducted two telephone surveys (Time 1 and Time 2) of participants' self-reported physical activity levels.
The study concluded that the factors of intervention design, and personal and behavioral patterns are related to physical activity level of initiative participants. The researchers acknowledged the limitations of the study, including the lack of a control group, and the real-world constraints on the design of the evaluation and data collection.