From 1999 to 2005, staff at the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) in Chicago, responding to the changing needs of the health care system, directed an initiative that created a set of core competencies for graduate medical education based on what medical residents should know and be able to do.
In addition, through the ACGME Outcome Project, staff created educational materials and tools to implement and assess the competencies in residency programs. Details on each competency are available on the ACGME Outcome Project website.
In 1999, the ACGME endorsed six general competencies that all physicians should be expected to meet by the time they finish their residency training. The competencies are in the areas of:
- Patient care.
- Medical knowledge.
- Practice-based learning and improvement.
- Interpersonal and communication skills.
- Systems-based practice.
Project staff created educational materials and assessment tools to support residency program implementation of the competencies.
Project staff facilitated changes to accreditation requirements and processes that increased emphasis on the competencies and educational outcome assessment.