In separate studies conducted from 2001 to 2002, researchers at the RAND Corporation and at the Public Health Institute collected and analyzed data related to the implementation of California's Proposition 36, the Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act.
The act, which was implemented in July 2001, diverts large numbers of nonviolent drug offenders from incarceration to treatment programs.
The RAND researchers reported that:
The Public Health Institute researchers reported that:
RAND researchers concluded that treating the Proposition 36 population might be difficult and expensive and result in a demand for different treatment services if the mix of clients changes.
The Public Health Institute researchers noted that Proposition 36 potentially shifts the debate over drug abuse policy toward greater consideration of public health outcomes.