Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill analyzed the impact of the 1998 revisions to the federal Safe and Drug-Free Schools Act on substance abuse prevention programs administered by 104 local school districts in 11 states.
- Prior to adoption of the new regulations, the most frequently used substance abuse-prevention curricula cited by coordinators at Safe and Drug-Free Schools had either been proven ineffective or had not been evaluated.
- After the regulations went into effect, three-fourths of the coordinators said their district had adopted a research-based curriculum. In many cases, however, this curriculum was not the one most commonly used in the district.
- Most school districts had conducted needs assessments, set goals and objectives and evaluated their programs in accordance with the new regulations.