Researchers at the City University of New York (CUNY) analyzed previous research on racial and ethnic disparities in health care delivery and created an annotated bibliography of the research, Annotated Bibliography on Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care, which was in draft form when this report was written.
The bibliography is organized by major disease or treatment categories, and it discusses the differential treatment of patients from racial and ethnic minorities, the impact of race and ethnicity on physician-patient communication, cultural competency training of health professionals, and issues of trust and mistrust in the health care system.
It covers numerous studies that have documented highly significant disparities in the allocation of health care resources for African American and Hispanic patients. These disparities have ranged from the most basic components of clinical care to the use of high-tech procedures, including angioplasty, heart bypass surgery, and kidney transplantation.
Among the key findings in the medical literature, as reported by the project director: