Researchers from the University of Michigan, Pennsylvania State University and the University of Chicago analyzed the relationships among substance abuse, mental health problems, welfare and employment.
- 19 percent of female welfare recipients had used an illicit drug during the prior year.
- 19 percent met the diagnostic screening criteria for major mental health problems.
- Psychiatric disorders were more prevalent than drug dependence among recipients.
- Screening and assessment programs should distinguish drug use from drug dependence and should identify alcohol dependence and psychiatric disorders.
- States should provide a range of treatment services to address substance abuse and mental health problems among welfare recipients.