In 2000, researchers at the University of Michigan Institute for Social Research conducted a national survey on Americans' knowledge, attitudes, values and behavior regarding genetic testing and compared results to public opinion surveys from 1990. The survey also examined the views of African Americans, Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites.
In addition, project staff convened the "Conference on Genetics and Health Disparities" in March 2004 at the University of Michigan.
Singer, Antonucci and John Van Hoewyk reported survey findings on differences in knowledge and attitudes about genetic testing among African Americans, Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites in an article, "Racial and Ethnic Variations in Knowledge and Attitudes about Genetic Testing," published in Genetic Testing in 2004, and in a report to RWJF:
The researchers also compared public attitudes toward genetic testing in 2000 versus 1990 in a 2005 article in the International Journal of Public Opinion Research entitled "U.S. Attitudes Toward Genetic Testing, 1990–2000," which included the following findings: