While involuntary job loss could have significant negative consequences for subsequent health, poor health itself may also influence the risk of losing a job. In this study, the authors assessed whether poor health was a significant factor in leading to job loss or whether the involuntary job loss precipitated any decline in health status.
Researchers used two large longitudinal study samples that are representative of the U.S. population: the Americans' Changing Lives study (ACL) and the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study (WLS). The samples include men and women across the occupational spectrum who were studied over a period of 15 to 35 years.
The authors conclude that experiencing an involuntary job loss may have significant and measurable health consequences for many Americans. They recommend the development of policies to address the adverse health consequences of job loss.